Estimation of a CME magnetic field strength using observations of gyrosynchrotron radiation
by E. P. Carley et al.*

2018-01-09 777 views

Despite many years of study, the dominant driver and energy source of coronal mass ejections (CMEs) is still under investigation. Observational studies have indicated that magnetic energy represents the largest part of the total energy budget of the eruption (Emslie et al., 2012, Carley et al., 2012). However, despite having such a dominant influence on CME dynamics, little is known about CME magnetic field. This is due to the scarcity […]

Propagation and Interaction Properties of Successive Coronal Mass Ejections in Relation to a Complex Type II Radio Burst
by Y. D. Liu et al.*

2017-12-19 777 views

Quantifying how coronal mass ejections (CMEs), particularly fast ones, propagate from the Sun to the Earth is an overarching issue in CME research and space weather forecasting. A typical fast CME would finish its major deceleration well before reaching 1 AU (Liu et al. 2013). The actual situation of CME Sun-to-Earth propagation, however, may involve interactions with the highly structured solar wind including other CMEs. Interactions involving more than two […]

VLA Measurements of Faraday Rotation through Coronal Mass Ejections
by Jason E. Kooi et al*

2017-11-21 459 views

Coronal mass ejections (CMEs) are large-scale eruptions of ionized gas (or plasma) from the Sun. The ejected material of a CME is associated with strong magnetic fields, which can cause substantial geomagnetic storms at Earth that enhance the radiation space environment and affect global communications and geolocation. Remote-sensing techniques such as Faraday rotation (FR), the rotation of the plane of polarization of linearly polarized radiation as it propagates through a […]

Microwave emission as a proxy of CME speed in ICME forecasting
by Carolina Salas Matamoros, Ludwig Klein and Gerard Trottet

2017-05-09 695 views

Coronal Mass Ejections (CMEs) are one type of interplanetary structure that mostly affect the geomagnetic field (e.g. Gonzalez and Tsurutani, 1987; Zhang et al, 2007). These structures are observed and studied through coronagraphic images. The basic limitation of the coronagraph is that it shows the corona only in the plane of the sky, and blocks by necessity the view on the solar disk. Thus, the projection effect in the kinematic […]

Simultaneous near-Sun observations of a moving type IV radio burst and the associated white-light CME
by K. Hariharan et al.*

2017-01-17 1,047 views

Quasi-continuum radio emissions of duration ~10-60 min that occur along with flares and coronal mass ejections (CMEs) in the solar atmosphere are termed as type IV bursts. The bursts are non-thermal in nature and can be classified into two categories, i.e. moving type IV (type IVm) bursts and stationary type IV (type IVs) bursts, depending on their time-frequency characteristics in the dynamic spectrum. Amongst the two, the former has a […]

Source regions of the type II radio burst observed during a CME–CME interaction on 2013 May 22
by P. Mäkelä et al.*

2016-12-06 3,055 views

Occasionally the Sun ejects a pair of magnetized plasma clouds, called coronal mass ejections (CMEs), roughly into the same propagation direction in closely timed sequence. If the second CME is faster than the first one, the CMEs could either just slip through each other or they could collide and interact, when the following CME catches up the preceding one. The possibility of the CME-CME interaction was first suggested by Gopalswamy […]

Propagation of Coronal Mass Ejections: Aerodynamic Drag
by Nishtha Sachdeva and Prasad Subramanian

2016-10-04 940 views

Coronal Mass Ejections (CMEs) are hot, massive blobs of plasma and magnetic fields that erupt from the Sun, and are sometimes Earth-directed. Depending on their speed and mass these transients can strongly effect the space weather, causing geomagnetic storms and damage to space bound technologies. It is therefore imperative to understand the CME kinematics and propagation dynamics. Close to the Sun, CMEs are governed by Lorentz Forces, while they are […]

An Analysis of Interplanetary Solar Radio Emissions Associated with a Coronal Mass Ejection
by V. Krupar et al.*

2016-09-13 1,422 views

Type II and type III bursts are generated, via the plasma emission mechanism, when beams of suprathermal electrons interact with the ambient plasma generating radio emissions at the plasma frequency fp (the fundamental emission) or at its second harmonic 2fp (the harmonic emission) [see also previous CESRA highlights here and here]. As the electron beams propagate outward from the Sun, radio emissions are generated at progressively lower frequencies corresponding to […]

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