Quasi-Periodic Particle Acceleration in a Solar Flare
by B. Clarke et al.*

2021-08-17 169 views

Quasi-periodic pulsations (QPPs) are defined as intensity modulations in the flare electromagnetic radiation as a function of time. These modulations have been found to have characteristic periodicities that range from < 1 s up to several minutes. QPPs were first associated with the impulsive phase of flares and observed in the hard X-ray (HXR) and radio wavebands (Parks & Winkler 1969). They have more recently been observed within the thermal […]

Short-period Waves in Flare Loops: Possible Vehicle for Flare Energy Transport
by Sijie Yu et al

2019-03-26 382 views

Solar flares involve the sudden release of magnetic energy in the solar corona. Accelerated nonthermal electrons have been often invoked as the primary means for transporting the bulk of the released energy to the lower solar atmosphere. However, significant challenges remain for this scenario, especially in accounting for the large number of accelerated electrons inferred from observations. Propagating magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) waves, particularly those with subsecond/second-scale periods, have been proposed as […]

Synergy of stochastic and systematic energization of plasmas during turbulent reconnection
by Th. Pisokas, L. Vlahos and H. Isliker

2018-02-06 491 views

In the current literature the acceleration of particles during solar flares is attributed to either weak turbulence or to large scale Unstable Current Sheet (UCS). The way UCS drive weak turbulence in a separated volume on the loop top or inside the loops below the UCS was never been presented in detail. During the last thirty years the plasma physics community developed the concept of turbulent reconnection. This concept went unnoticed […]

Acceleration and Storage of Energetic Electrons in Magnetic Loops in the Course of Electric Current Oscillations
by V.V. Zaitsev and A.V. Stepanov

2017-10-31 594 views

There are long-lived radio events on the Sun and stars like in type IV solar radio bursts with sudden reductions and pulsating type III bursts (Slottje, 1972; Huang et al. 2016) as well as intriguing intense radio emission from ultracool stars that lasts for several rotation periods (Hallinan et al. 2007). This can be the result of the multiple injections of accelerated electrons into the coronal magnetic loops. The idea […]

Particle acceleration and turbulence during a solar flare
by E.P. Kontar et al.*

2017-06-13 1,790 views

Particle acceleration during solar flares is a highly efficient process, in terms of both the energy (tens of percent of the released magnetic energy can be transferred to the energetic particles) and the particle number (nearly all electrons in the flaring region are accelerated). So-called stochastic acceleration (e.g., Petrosian 2012 for a review) is one of the most popular mechanisms capable of providing these characteristics. In this scenario, the magnetic […]

Radio Diagnostics of Electron Acceleration Sites During the Eruption of a Flux Rope in the Solar Corona
by Eoin Carley et al.*

2017-03-28 945 views

Flares and coronal mass ejections (CMEs) are thought to result from magnetic energy release in the solar corona, often involving the destabilisation of a twisted magnetic structure known as a flux rope (Chen et al. 2011, Webb et al. 2012). This activity may be accompanied by the acceleration of electrons (Kahler 2007, Lin et al. 2011). However, there is ongoing debate on exactly where, when and how this particle acceleration occurs […]

Particle Acceleration and heating by turbulent reconnection
by L. Vlahos, T. Pisokas, H. Isliker, V. Tsiolis and A. Anastasiadis

2016-08-09 416 views

Fermi (1949) introduced a fundamental stochastic process to solve the problem of particle energization (heating and/or acceleration) in space and astrophysical plasmas. The initial idea of Fermi with randomly moving scatterers (magnetic clouds), was soon replaced with a spectrum of low amplitude (δΒ/Β<<1) waves and termed particle acceleration by MHD (weak) turbulence. In the other extreme, isolated turbulent shock waves or isolated unstable current sheets (UCS) were studied. The regime […]

Particle acceleration during flares – the part played by an outflow termination shock
by Gottfried Mann

2006-10-11 68 views

During solar flares energetic nonthermal electromagnetic radiation up to the gamma-ray range is emitted from the solar atmosphere, implying the generation of accelerated electrons and ions. Particle acceleration in cosmic plasma is of fundamental physical interest. The solar corona offers detailed remote sounding of these processes. A fine example An interesting example is the X17-flare of 28 October 2003, one of the strongest events of the last activity cycle. Figure 1 […]