### Quasi-Periodic Particle Acceleration in a Solar Flare by B. Clarke et al.*

2021-08-17

Quasi-periodic pulsations (QPPs) are defined as intensity modulations in the flare electromagnetic radiation as a function of time. These modulations have been found to have characteristic periodicities that range from < 1 s up to several minutes. QPPs were first associated with the impulsive phase of flares and observed in the hard X-ray (HXR) and radio wavebands (Parks & Winkler 1969). They have more recently been observed within the thermal […]

### Energy budget of plasma motions, heating, and electron acceleration in a three-loop solar flare by G. Motorina et al.*

2021-07-06

The solar flare phenomenon is a complex process in the solar atmosphere where non-potential magnetic energy is released and converted into other forms of energy, such as nonthermal energy of accelerated particles, thermal energy of heated flaring plasma, kinetic energy of eruptions, jets, up/down flows, and stochastic (turbulent) plasma motions. The processes lying behind initial division between energy components, distribution of these components among flaring loops and their evolution are […]

### Narrowband Spikes Observed during the 2013 November 7 Flare by M. Karlicky et al.

2021-06-22

Narrowband dm-spikes belong to the most interesting fine structures of solar radio bursts that are closely connected to primary flare energy-release processes (Krueger 1979) and observed in some cases near the Type III burst starting frequency. They occur in clouds of narrowband bursts with a typical duration less than 100 ms, frequency relative bandwidth 1-3 %, and brightness temperature up to $10^{15}$ K. For them several radio emission models were suggested. Earlier models suggested […]

### Radio and X-ray Observations of Short-lived Episodes of Electron Acceleration in a Solar Microflare by R. Sharma et al.

2021-03-30

In a solar flare, the plasma is locally heated and particles are accelerated to energies from a few tens of keV to MeVs. X-ray bremsstrahlung emission and radio gyrosynchrotron emission are highly complementary and provide diagnostics of the timing, location and spectral properties of flare-accelerated electrons in a broad energy range. Here we present comprehensive observations of multiple individual bursts during a GOES B1.7-class (back-ground subtracted) microflare observed jointly in […]

### Radio bursts in the 2017 September 6, X9.3 flare by M. Karlicky and J. Rybak

2020-11-17

Radio bursts and their fine structures are an integral part of solar flares. Although many of them are known as e.g. type II, III, V, J, U, and IV, still some unique bursts and fine structures, not observed so far, can be detected. This is the case of the X9.3 flare observed on September 6, 2017, where we found not only several unique bursts and fine structures, but also their […]

### Microwave Spectral Imaging of an Erupting Magnetic Flux Rope During a Large Solar Flare by B. Chen et al.*

2020-09-22

Magnetic flux ropes are believed to be the centerpiece of the three-part structure of coronal mass ejections. In the standard model of eruptive solar flares, flux rope eruption also induces the impulsive flare energy release through magnetic reconnection. Signatures of flare-associated flux ropes in the low solar corona have been frequently reported in extreme ultraviolet (EUV) wavelengths, particularly the so-called EUV “hot channel” structures (see, e.g., Cheng et al. 2017 […]

### Split-Band Feature of a Solar Flare Termination Shock by Chen et al

2019-11-12

In many space and astrophysical plasma contexts, shocks are considered as one of the most important mechanisms for accelerating charged particles up to relativistic speeds. Different types of shocks are present on the Sun. One of the most well-known types is shocks driven by coronal mass ejections (see, e.g., Morosan et al. 2019, and recent CESRA Nuggets by Mancuso et al., Chrysaphi et al., Zucca et al.). There is another […]

### High‐Frequency Communications Response to Solar Activity in September 2017 as Observed by Amateur Radio Networks by Nathaniel A. Frissell

2019-05-07

Long before satellite communications, high frequency (HF, 3–30 MHz) radio was the primary method for long distance, over-the-horizon wireless communications. HF signals are able to travel long distances by refracting off of the ionosphere in what is known as “skip” or “skywave” propagation. Aside from a transmitter and receiver, no additional technological infrastructure is needed. Because of this, even in the modern age of space‐borne relays and widely distributed Internet availability, […]

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