Trieste CALLISTO Station Setup and Observations of  Solar Radio Bursts
by A. Marassi and C. Monstein

2022-06-21 146 views

A solar radio burst (SRB) is the intense solar radio emission often related to a solar flare and one of the possibly extreme space weather events which may affect Earth’s ionosphere and signal propagation, wireless communication, power grids and navigation systems. If an SRB occurs with the enhancement in L band radio flux, it could influence the Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) signals through direct radio wave interferences. The major […]

LOFAR size and shape measurements of solar metric radio burst sources
by Gordovskyy et al

2022-04-19 226 views

The plasma density and magnetic field in the upper solar corona and inner heliosphere are not sufficient to produce detectable bremsstrahlung hard X-ray or gyrosynchrotron microwave emissions, making metric and decametric coherent radio emissions the only tool for probing energetic electrons in these layers of the solar atmosphere (e.g. McLean & Labrum 1985; Pick & Vilmer 2008 as reviews). This source of information is vital to understanding the underlying mechanisms […]

New results from the spectral observations of solar coronal type II radio bursts
by R. Ramesh et al.*

2022-03-15 205 views

While it is widely accepted that the type II radio bursts observed in the interplanetary medium are due to the coronal mass ejections (CMEs), the energetic disturbance responsible for the shocks that generate the type II bursts observed in the near-Sun corona is still being debated.  Several studies indicate that CMEs are responsible for the coronal type II bursts too, but flares and various other eruptive activity have also been […]

Radio Probing of Solar Wind Sources in Coronal Magnetic Fields
 by A. Koval et al.*

2022-01-18 212 views

The magnetic fields of the Sun govern the solar corona structure where the solar wind emanates and further accelerates supersonically. Therefore, the accurate observational data about the topology, and more significantly, quantities of the coronal magnetic field are pivotal for identifying the solar wind sources as well as for the Space Weather modeling where these data specify initial conditions. Magnetic-field strength values in the solar wind sources are derived from […]

Searching for optical/EUV counterparts of type IIs in a complex metric burst

by Costas Alissandrakis et al.*

2021-12-07 208 views

Solar type II bursts are sporadic emissions characterized by their narrow bandwidth and slow frequency drift in dynamic spectra (Nelson & Melrose, 1985; Vršnak & Cliver 2008; Nindos et al. 2008; Pick & Vilmer 2008). They are attributed to shock waves produced by flare/CME eruptions. However, the association of type IIs with optical or EUV features is not clear; the leading edge or flanks of CMEs, the front of an […]

Properties of High-Frequency Type II Radio Bursts and Their Relation to the Associated Coronal Mass Ejections
by A.C. Umuhire et al.*

2021-09-28 253 views

Type II radio bursts are slow-drifting and long-lasting radio emission produced by nonthermal electrons accelerated at shocks propagating through the solar corona and interplanetary medium (Nelson & Melrose, 1985). The accelerated electrons generate Langmuir waves, which get converted into electromagnetic radiation by the plasma emission mechanism first identified by Ginzburg & Zhelezniakov (1958). Currently, there is a common understanding that type II radio bursts are produced by shocks formed ahead […]

Analyzing the propagation of EUV waves and their connection with type II radio bursts by combining numerical simulations and multi-instrument observations
by A. Koukras et al.*

2021-03-16 159 views

EUV (EIT) waves are wavelike disturbances of enhanced extreme ultraviolet (EUV) emission that propagate away from an eruptive region. Recent years have seen much debate over their nature, with three main interpretations: the fast-mode MHD wave, the apparent wave (reconfiguration of the magnetic field), and the hybrid wave (combination of the previous two). Observations of such waves are often accompanied by type II radio bursts, which are widely considered as signature […]

Electromagnetic Emission Produced by Three-wave Interactions in a Plasma with Continuously Injected Counterstreaming Electron Beams
by Vladimir Annenkov and Igor Timofeev

2021-01-19 228 views

Weakly turbulent processes of three-wave interactions between Langmuir and electromagnetic waves in plasma with unstable electron flows are believed to be the main cause of type II and III solar radio emissions. The narrow band of type II bursts requires assuming that this radiation is generated in some local regions of shock fronts traveling in the solar corona, where the specific conditions for the enhancement of electromagnetic emissions near the […]

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