Solar Radio Spikes and Type IIIb Striae Manifestations Triggered by a Coronal Mass Ejection by Clarkson et al

2023-04-11 257 views

Radio bursts are frequently emitted in the outer solar corona due to the acceleration of energetic electrons in solar flares and coronal mass ejections (CME). The shortest observed bursts are radio spikes, which have narrow spectral widths and are emitted over decades in frequency. Despite being studied for many years, imaging observations are sparse and restricted to localisation of the emission at decimetre frequencies (e.g. Benz, 2002). Recently, LOw Frequency […]

Temporal and Spatial Association Between Microwaves and Type III Bursts in the Upper Corona by Altyntsev et al.

2023-03-28 158 views

One important task connected with the corona heating problem is exploring the physical mechanisms that produce, accelerate, and transport energetic particles in the upper corona. The magnetic connectivity between the sources of meter emission in the upper corona and electron acceleration sites in low corona are studied using the temporal correlation between hard X-ray (HXR) bursts and type III emission (Kane 1972; Aschwanden et al. 1995; Reid & Vilmer 2017). […]

The frequency ratio and time delay of fundamental and harmonic components in solar radio bursts by X. Chen et al

2023-02-28 247 views

Solar radio bursts generated through the plasma emission mechanism produce radiation near the local plasma frequency (fundamental emission, hereafter, F) and double the plasma frequency (harmonic, hereafter, H). While the theoretical ratio of these two frequencies is close to 2, simultaneous observations give ratios ranging from 1.6 to 2, suggesting either a ratio different from 2, a delay of the F emission, or both. Observations suggest that a delayed F […]

LOFAR size and shape measurements of solar metric radio burst sources
by Gordovskyy et al

2022-04-19 239 views

The plasma density and magnetic field in the upper solar corona and inner heliosphere are not sufficient to produce detectable bremsstrahlung hard X-ray or gyrosynchrotron microwave emissions, making metric and decametric coherent radio emissions the only tool for probing energetic electrons in these layers of the solar atmosphere (e.g. McLean & Labrum 1985; Pick & Vilmer 2008 as reviews). This source of information is vital to understanding the underlying mechanisms […]

Langmuir wave motion observed in the most intense radio sources in the sky
by H. Reid and E. Kontar

2021-08-31 403 views

The Sun routinely produces energetic electrons in its outer atmosphere that subsequently travel through interplanetary space. These electron beams generate Langmuir waves in the background plasma, producing type III radio bursts that are the brightest radio sources in the sky (Suzuki & Dulk, 1985). These solar radio bursts also provide a unique opportunity to understand particle acceleration and transport which is important for our prediction of extreme space weather events […]

An Explanation of Subsecond Time Evolution of Type III Solar Radio Burst Sources at Fundamental and Harmonic Frequencies
by X. Chen et al

2020-12-14 246 views

Recent studies (Kontar et al. 2017) of a Type III–IIIb burst observed by LOFAR (van Haarlem et al. 2013) indicated that the temporal variations in the positions and source sizes do not fit into the standard picture of type III solar radio bursts and require a better understanding of radio-wave transport. With the aim of explaining the observed properties of type III–IIIb solar radio bursts, we use radio-wave simulations of radio-wave […]

First observation of a transitioning Type II solar radio burst using the Low-Frequency Array (LOFAR)
by Nicolina Chrysaphi et al

2020-05-26 399 views

Type II solar radio bursts are believed to be excited by shock waves. They are often linked to shocks driven by solar eruptive events like Coronal Mass Ejections (CMEs) and solar flares, and are characterised by a slow drift from high to low frequencies thought to reflect the speed with which the shock propagates away from the Sun.  Shock-excited emissions that show very little or no frequency drift are known […]

On the Source Position and Duration of a Solar Type III Radio Burst Observed by LOFAR
by P. Zhang et al.*

2020-01-21 534 views

Type III radio bursts are generated by non-thermal electron beams propagating through the solar corona and interplanetary space. In dynamic spectra, the flux of solar type III radio bursts have a time profile of rising and decay phases at a given frequency, which has been actively studied since the 1970s. There are several factors that may contribute to the observed duration of a type III radio burst: 1) The velocity […]

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