LOFAR size and shape measurements of solar metric radio burst sources
by Gordovskyy et al

2022-04-19 219 views

The plasma density and magnetic field in the upper solar corona and inner heliosphere are not sufficient to produce detectable bremsstrahlung hard X-ray or gyrosynchrotron microwave emissions, making metric and decametric coherent radio emissions the only tool for probing energetic electrons in these layers of the solar atmosphere (e.g. McLean & Labrum 1985; Pick & Vilmer 2008 as reviews). This source of information is vital to understanding the underlying mechanisms […]

Langmuir wave motion observed in the most intense radio sources in the sky
by H. Reid and E. Kontar

2021-08-31 372 views

The Sun routinely produces energetic electrons in its outer atmosphere that subsequently travel through interplanetary space. These electron beams generate Langmuir waves in the background plasma, producing type III radio bursts that are the brightest radio sources in the sky (Suzuki & Dulk, 1985). These solar radio bursts also provide a unique opportunity to understand particle acceleration and transport which is important for our prediction of extreme space weather events […]

An Explanation of Subsecond Time Evolution of Type III Solar Radio Burst Sources at Fundamental and Harmonic Frequencies
by X. Chen et al

2020-12-14 239 views

Recent studies (Kontar et al. 2017) of a Type III–IIIb burst observed by LOFAR (van Haarlem et al. 2013) indicated that the temporal variations in the positions and source sizes do not fit into the standard picture of type III solar radio bursts and require a better understanding of radio-wave transport. With the aim of explaining the observed properties of type III–IIIb solar radio bursts, we use radio-wave simulations of radio-wave […]

First observation of a transitioning Type II solar radio burst using the Low-Frequency Array (LOFAR)
by Nicolina Chrysaphi et al

2020-05-26 387 views

Type II solar radio bursts are believed to be excited by shock waves. They are often linked to shocks driven by solar eruptive events like Coronal Mass Ejections (CMEs) and solar flares, and are characterised by a slow drift from high to low frequencies thought to reflect the speed with which the shock propagates away from the Sun.  Shock-excited emissions that show very little or no frequency drift are known […]

On the Source Position and Duration of a Solar Type III Radio Burst Observed by LOFAR
by P. Zhang et al.*

2020-01-21 517 views

Type III radio bursts are generated by non-thermal electron beams propagating through the solar corona and interplanetary space. In dynamic spectra, the flux of solar type III radio bursts have a time profile of rising and decay phases at a given frequency, which has been actively studied since the 1970s. There are several factors that may contribute to the observed duration of a type III radio burst: 1) The velocity […]

First imaging spectroscopy observations of puzzling solar drift pair bursts
by A. Kuznetsov and E. Kontar

2019-12-17 350 views

Drift pairs are a rare and puzzling type of solar radio emission, firstly identified by Roberts (1958). They occur at low frequencies (~10-100 MHz) and look like two parallel frequency-drifting narrow-band stripes separated in time. The drift rates (typically ~2-8 MHz/s) are intermediate between those of type II and type III bursts; both positive and negative frequency drifts are observed. The most enigmatic characteristic of drift pair bursts is that […]

Anisotropic radio-wave scattering in the solar corona
Nicolina Chrysaphi et al.*

2019-11-26 440 views

Solar radio emission is produced in the turbulent medium of the solar atmosphere, and its observed properties (source position, size, time profile, polarization, etc.) are significantly affected by the propagation of the radio waves from the emitter to the observer. Scattering of radio waves on random density irregularities has long been recognized as an important process for the interpretation of radio source sizes (e.g., Steinberg et al. 1971), positions (e.g., […]

The effect of scattering on the apparent positions of solar radio sources observed by LOFAR
by Mykola Gordovskyy

2019-05-21 448 views

Radio sources observed in the decametric range during type II and type III solar radio bursts are believed to be produced by coherent plasma emission due to electrostatic plasma oscillations induced by propagating suprathermal electrons (e.g. Ginzburg & Zhelezniakov 1958). This type of emission is a valuable tool for observational diagnostics of the upper corona. Produced at the local plasma frequency, $f_{pe}\rm{[kHz]}= 8.93 (n_e\rm{[cm}^{-3}\rm{]})^{-1/2}$ or its harmonic, plasma emission can reveal […]

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