Magnetic Reconnection during the Post-impulsive Phase of a Long-duration Solar Flare
by S. Yu et al.

2020-10-27 222 views

Magnetic reconnection, a fundamental process in astrophysical environment plasma is believed to facilitate the release of energy stored in the magnetic field. However, where the magnetic reconnections occur, how and where the released magnetic energy is transported, and how it is converted to other forms remain unclear. Here, we report well-connected observational signatures of magnetic reconnection, plasma heating, and electron acceleration observed during the post-impulsive gradual phase of the X8.2-class […]

Microwave Spectral Imaging of an Erupting Magnetic Flux Rope During a Large Solar Flare
by B. Chen et al.*

2020-09-22 343 views

Magnetic flux ropes are believed to be the centerpiece of the three-part structure of coronal mass ejections. In the standard model of eruptive solar flares, flux rope eruption also induces the impulsive flare energy release through magnetic reconnection. Signatures of flare-associated flux ropes in the low solar corona have been frequently reported in extreme ultraviolet (EUV) wavelengths, particularly the so-called EUV “hot channel” structures (see, e.g., Cheng et al. 2017 […]

Exploring the potential of microwave diagnostics in SEP forecasting
by P. Zucca et al.*

2017-10-03 369 views

Solar energetic particles (SEPs), especially protons and heavy ions, may be a space-weather hazard when they impact spacecraft and the terrestrial atmosphere. Forecasting schemes have been developed, which use earlier signatures of particle acceleration to predict the arrival of solar protons and ions in the space environment of the Earth. The UMASEP (University of MAlaga Solar particle Event Predictor) scheme (Núñez 2011), forecasts the occurrence and the importance of an […]

Multi-Loop Structure of Nonthermal Microwave Sources in a Major Long-Duration Flare
by V. Grechnev et al.*

2017-05-23 596 views

Hard X-ray (HXR) and microwave observations of flares show only a few nonthermal sources. They are simple and compact, especially in impulsive flares, suggesting involvement of one to two loops. Hanaoka (1996) and Nishio et al. (1997) interpreted these observations in terms of double-loop flares. This view was later extended up to long-duration flares (Tzatzakis, Nindos, and Alissandrakis, 2008). A concept of a simple flare loop became dominant. However, observations […]

Microwave emission as a proxy of CME speed in ICME forecasting
by Carolina Salas Matamoros, Ludwig Klein and Gerard Trottet

2017-05-09 695 views

Coronal Mass Ejections (CMEs) are one type of interplanetary structure that mostly affect the geomagnetic field (e.g. Gonzalez and Tsurutani, 1987; Zhang et al, 2007). These structures are observed and studied through coronagraphic images. The basic limitation of the coronagraph is that it shows the corona only in the plane of the sky, and blocks by necessity the view on the solar disk. Thus, the projection effect in the kinematic […]

Diagnosing the Source Region of a Solar Burst on 26 September 2011 by Using Microwave Type-III Pairs
by Tan B. L. et al.*

2016-12-20 444 views

Accelerated electron beams are believed to be responsible for both hard X-ray (HXR) and strong coherent radio emission during solar flares. However, so far the location of the electron acceleration and its physical parameters are poorly known. The solar microwave Type-III pair burst is possibly the most sensitive signature of the primary energy release and electron accelerations in flares (Aschwanden & Benz, 1997, ApJ). A Type-III pair is composed of […]