### Scaling-laws of Radio Spike Bursts and Their Constraints on New Solar Radio Telescopes by Baolin Tan et al.

2019-06-18

Radio observation is one of the most important methods in solar physics and space science. Sometimes, it is almost the sole approach to observing physical processes such as the acceleration, emission, and propagation of non-thermal energetic particles, etc. Long-term observation and study have revealed that a strong solar radio burst is always composed of many small bursts with different time-scales. Among them, a radio spike burst is the smallest one, […]

### 3D reconstruction of CME-driven shock-streamer interaction as a coronal magnetic field diagnostics by S. Mancuso et al.*

2019-06-04

Coronal Mass Ejections (CMEs) expelled from the Sun can drive shocks that accelerate electrons which, in turn, produce electrostatic oscillations called Langmuir waves. These waves are then converted into escaping e.m. radiation, known as type II solar radio bursts, emitted near the fundamental and/or harmonic of the local electron plasma frequency. As shocks propagate outward from the Sun to regions of lower plasma density, type IIs appear in dynamic spectra […]

### The effect of scattering on the apparent positions of solar radio sources observed by LOFAR by Mykola Gordovskyy

2019-05-21

Radio sources observed in the decametric range during type II and type III solar radio bursts are believed to be produced by coherent plasma emission due to electrostatic plasma oscillations induced by propagating suprathermal electrons (e.g. Ginzburg & Zhelezniakov 1958). This type of emission is a valuable tool for observational diagnostics of the upper corona. Produced at the local plasma frequency, $f_{pe}\rm{[kHz]}= 8.93 (n_e\rm{[cm}^{-3}\rm{]})^{-1/2}$ or its harmonic, plasma emission can reveal […]

### High‐Frequency Communications Response to Solar Activity in September 2017 as Observed by Amateur Radio Networks by Nathaniel A. Frissell

2019-05-07

Long before satellite communications, high frequency (HF, 3–30 MHz) radio was the primary method for long distance, over-the-horizon wireless communications. HF signals are able to travel long distances by refracting off of the ionosphere in what is known as “skip” or “skywave” propagation. Aside from a transmitter and receiver, no additional technological infrastructure is needed. Because of this, even in the modern age of space‐borne relays and widely distributed Internet availability, […]

### Variable Emission Mechanism of a Type IV Radio Burst by D. Morosan et al.*

2019-04-23

Coronal mass ejections (CMEs) are sometimes accompanied by continuum emission at decimetric and metric wavelengths, called Type IV radio bursts. Of particular interest to determining CME properties are moving Type IV radio bursts, which are broadband radio sources moving outwards from the Sun. First studies suggested that moving Type IV bursts are emitted by synchrotron or gyro-synchrotron emitting electrons that are trapped inside CME loops (Dulk 1973). However, since their […]

### Remote sensing the coronal magnetic field using solar S-bursts B. Clarke et al.*

2019-04-09

Solar activity is often accompanied by solar radio emission. At low frequencies, radio bursts with short durations of <1 s, known as solar S-bursts, have been identified. These intriguing, low frequency bursts were first identified by McConnell (1982) who named them solar S-bursts, owing to their similarity to Jovian S-bursts: the S stands for short or storm. S-bursts appear as narrow tracks on a dynamic spectrum that usually drift from […]

### Short-period Waves in Flare Loops: Possible Vehicle for Flare Energy Transport by Sijie Yu et al

2019-03-26

Solar flares involve the sudden release of magnetic energy in the solar corona. Accelerated nonthermal electrons have been often invoked as the primary means for transporting the bulk of the released energy to the lower solar atmosphere. However, significant challenges remain for this scenario, especially in accounting for the large number of accelerated electrons inferred from observations. Propagating magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) waves, particularly those with subsecond/second-scale periods, have been proposed as […]

### Large area solar flare ribbons as the model to explain puzzling millimeter emission by G.G. Motorina et al.*

2019-03-12

Solar flares are sudden explosive processes, that convert the energy of the magnetic field into the kinetic energy of electrons and ions. Since the beginning of the century, millimeter observations of solar flares became routinely possible at a few frequencies with limited spatial resolution (see Kaufmann 2012, as a review). One of the most puzzling aspects of the observations at millimeter wavelengths (200-400 GHz) is the presence, in some flares, […]

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