Energy budget of plasma motions, heating, and electron acceleration in a three-loop solar flare
by G. Motorina et al.*

2021-07-06 184 views

The solar flare phenomenon is a complex process in the solar atmosphere where non-potential magnetic energy is released and converted into other forms of energy, such as nonthermal energy of accelerated particles, thermal energy of heated flaring plasma, kinetic energy of eruptions, jets, up/down flows, and stochastic (turbulent) plasma motions. The processes lying behind initial division between energy components, distribution of these components among flaring loops and their evolution are […]

Harmonic Electron Cyclotron Maser Emission Excited by Energetic Electrons Traveling inside a Coronal Loop
by M. Yousefzadeh et al.*

2021-04-27 164 views

Solar spikes are radio bursts closely associated with the impulsive stage of solar flares. They are characterized by extremely high brightness temperature of up to 1015 K, narrow-band, and short duration. Thousands of spikes could exist in an event. This leads researchers to suggest that solar spikes represent elementary energy release events during solar flares. Earlier studies have suggested the electron-cyclotron-maser emission (ECME) driven by energetic electrons with the loss-cone […]

An Explanation of Subsecond Time Evolution of Type III Solar Radio Burst Sources at Fundamental and Harmonic Frequencies
by X. Chen et al

2020-12-14 239 views

Recent studies (Kontar et al. 2017) of a Type III–IIIb burst observed by LOFAR (van Haarlem et al. 2013) indicated that the temporal variations in the positions and source sizes do not fit into the standard picture of type III solar radio bursts and require a better understanding of radio-wave transport. With the aim of explaining the observed properties of type III–IIIb solar radio bursts, we use radio-wave simulations of radio-wave […]

On the Source Position and Duration of a Solar Type III Radio Burst Observed by LOFAR
by P. Zhang et al.*

2020-01-21 517 views

Type III radio bursts are generated by non-thermal electron beams propagating through the solar corona and interplanetary space. In dynamic spectra, the flux of solar type III radio bursts have a time profile of rising and decay phases at a given frequency, which has been actively studied since the 1970s. There are several factors that may contribute to the observed duration of a type III radio burst: 1) The velocity […]

First observation of the solar Type III burst decay and its interpretation
by V. Melnik et al*

2020-01-07 260 views

Wild (1950) was the first to register and describe Type III bursts properties. These bursts are tracks of radio emission, which drift from high frequencies to low frequencies. Profiles of Type III bursts have a quick rise and slower fall. Wild supposed that electrons with high velocities, up to 0.3c (c is the speed of light), were responsible for Type III bursts based on their high frequency drift rates. Ginzburg […]

Non-radial propagation of energetic electrons in solar corona by A. Klassen et al.

2018-10-16 394 views

STEREO and near-Earth multi-spacecraft observations of solar energetic particle (SEP) events have revealed that some events show quite unexpected intensity distributions at 1 AU (Dresing et al. 2012, Lario et al. 2013). They can be much broader (circumsolar) (Gómez-Herrero et al. 2015), non-symmetric, and sometimes irregular showing so-called finger distribution (Klassen et al. 2016). It had been suggested that these non-symmetric and irregular distributions, among others, may result from non-radial […]

Long-lasting injection of solar energetic electrons into the heliosphere
by N. Dresing et al.

2018-07-24 297 views

The solar energetic particle (SEP) event from 26 Dec 2013 was a so-called widespread event observed by multiple spacecraft. The two STEREO and one close to Earth spacecraft spanned a total longitudinal angle of 210 degrees at that time. Together with the 25 Feb 2014 (Lario et al., 2016, Klassen et al., 2016) this is the widest event ever observed with the STEREO spacecraft. Unusually long-lasting SEP anisotropies together with […]

Properties of Decameter IIIb–III Pairs
by V. Melnik et al.*

2018-05-29 338 views

A large number of Type IIIb–III pairs, in which the first component is a Type IIIb burst and the second one is a Type III burst, are often observed during decameter Type III burst storms. From the beginning of their detection, the question of whether the components of these pairs are the first and the second harmonics of radio emission or not has remained open. We discuss properties of decameter […]

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