### LOFAR size and shape measurements of solar metric radio burst sources by Gordovskyy et al

2022-04-19

The plasma density and magnetic field in the upper solar corona and inner heliosphere are not sufficient to produce detectable bremsstrahlung hard X-ray or gyrosynchrotron microwave emissions, making metric and decametric coherent radio emissions the only tool for probing energetic electrons in these layers of the solar atmosphere (e.g. McLean & Labrum 1985; Pick & Vilmer 2008 as reviews). This source of information is vital to understanding the underlying mechanisms […]

### PIC Simulation of Double Plasma Resonance and Zebra Pattern of Solar Radio Bursts by Li et al.*

2021-05-25

Zebra patterns (ZPs) represent a spectral fine structure with equidistant or almost-equidistant stripes of enhanced intensity against a broadband emission background, frequently observed in the dynamic spectra of solar radio bursts such as type IVs. There exist many scenarios for ZPs. The most-accepted one is the model of double plasma resonance (DPR) which, as its name indicates, means simultaneous actions of two kinds of resonance instabilities, i.e., the cyclotron resonance […]

### On the occurrence of type IV solar radio bursts in the solar cycle 24 and their association with coronal mass ejections by A. Kumari et al. *

2021-03-02

Coronal mass ejections are large eruptions of magnetized plasma from the Sun (Webb et. al. 2012) that are often accompanied by radio emission, generated by the energetic electrons produced during these eruptions (Gopalswamy et. al. 2004). These electrons can generate radio emission in the corona through various emission mechanisms (Melrose, 1980). The most common radio bursts associated with CMEs are type II and type IV bursts. CMEs are often accompanied […]

### Polarisation and source structure of solar stationary type IV radio bursts by C. Salas-Matamoros and L. Klein

2020-09-08

A coronal mass ejection (CME) is a phenomenon which produces large-scale ejections of mass and magnetic field from the lower corona into the interplanetary space (e.g. Forbes, 2000). The ejection of CMEs is often accompanied by the radio emission from non-thermal electrons. Particularly, stationary type IV continua are thought to be emitted by electrons in closed magnetic structures in the wake of the rising CME. Although basic properties, such as […]

### Imaging spectroscopy of fiber bursts by C. Alissandrakis*

2019-10-15

Fibers are short metric/decimetric bursts with a drift rate between type II and type III bursts, usually appearing in groups embedded in type IV continua. In most cases they show both absorption and emission ridges, the absorption having a slightly lower frequency than the emission. They are, most probably, manifestations of whistler-Langmuir wave interaction and they travel upwards along post flare loops (Kuijpers 1975). In a recent work (Bouratzis et […]

### The effect of scattering on the apparent positions of solar radio sources observed by LOFAR by Mykola Gordovskyy

2019-05-21

Radio sources observed in the decametric range during type II and type III solar radio bursts are believed to be produced by coherent plasma emission due to electrostatic plasma oscillations induced by propagating suprathermal electrons (e.g. Ginzburg & Zhelezniakov 1958). This type of emission is a valuable tool for observational diagnostics of the upper corona. Produced at the local plasma frequency, $f_{pe}\rm{[kHz]}= 8.93 (n_e\rm{[cm}^{-3}\rm{]})^{-1/2}$ or its harmonic, plasma emission can reveal […]

### Variable Emission Mechanism of a Type IV Radio Burst by D. Morosan et al.*

2019-04-23

Coronal mass ejections (CMEs) are sometimes accompanied by continuum emission at decimetric and metric wavelengths, called Type IV radio bursts. Of particular interest to determining CME properties are moving Type IV radio bursts, which are broadband radio sources moving outwards from the Sun. First studies suggested that moving Type IV bursts are emitted by synchrotron or gyro-synchrotron emitting electrons that are trapped inside CME loops (Dulk 1973). However, since their […]

### Source Imaging of a Moving Type-IV Solar Radio Burst and its Role in Tracking Coronal Mass Ejection From the Inner to the Outer Corona by Y. Chen et al.

2019-02-26

T-IV solar radio bursts are wideband continuum observed with dynamic spectrographs at metric to decametric wavelengths. They can be classified into static and moving ones, according to whether the sources remain basically static or move outward. The static ones are related to solar flares with frequencies extending up to GHz, while the moving ones (T-IVms) are related to coronal mass ejections (CMEs) with frequencies sometimes shifting to tens of MHz. […]

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