Subarcsecond imaging of a solar active region filament with ALMA and IRIS
by da Silva Santos et al.*

2022-06-07 103 views

Filaments (or prominences) are “clouds” of cool (<104 K) material suspended in the solar corona by up to tens of megameters above the photosphere, and they can be broadly divided into quiescent filaments and active region (AR) filaments. Although both of these structures have been observed for a long time, particularly in recent years by NASA’s IRIS telescope, there are open questions on the magnetic topology of filaments and the […]

Solar polarization observations at 3 and 13 mm
by J. Kallunki and M. Tornikoski

2020-04-28 234 views

Microwave solar polarization observations give us information about the magnetic field of the solar atmosphere. They are important for understanding the various solar activity phenomena and emission mechanisms related to them. Polarization properties of solar active regions have been studied previously mainly at lower radio frequencies. Here we present solar radio polarization observations that were made at Aalto University Metsähovi Radio Observatory (MRO) in Finland with the 13.7-metre radio telescope, […]

The multi-thermal chromosphere: inversions of ALMA and IRIS data
by J. M. da Silva Santos et al.

2020-02-18 439 views

Observations in the ultraviolet (UV) taken with the Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) have shown that the bright magnetic patches, known as plage, typically feature broader and brighter MgII h and k lines, which suggests that the chromosphere above plage is hotter and denser than in the quiet-Sun (e.g., Carlsson et al. 2015). However, not all line broadening is thermal; a nonthermal broadening component of up to 10 km s$^{-1}$ […]

Solar chromospheric temperature diagnostics: A joint Hα – ALMA analysis
by K. Reardon et al

2019-10-01 404 views

There are many challenges in inferring the spatially and temporally varying temperatures of the dynamic solar chromosphere. The principal problem has been the complex formation of the spectral lines in the UV, visible, and infrared that have been the prime diagnostics to probe this region of the atmosphere. The Atacama Large Millimeter Array (ALMA), which became available for solar observations in 2016, promises to help address this issue by observing […]

Large area solar flare ribbons as the model to explain puzzling millimeter emission
by G.G. Motorina et al.*

2019-03-12 419 views

Solar flares are sudden explosive processes, that convert the energy of the magnetic field into the kinetic energy of electrons and ions. Since the beginning of the century, millimeter observations of solar flares became routinely possible at a few frequencies with limited spatial resolution (see Kaufmann 2012, as a review). One of the most puzzling aspects of the observations at millimeter wavelengths (200-400 GHz) is the presence, in some flares, […]

Temperature constraints from inversions of synthetic solar optical, UV and radio spectra
by J. M. da Silva Santos et al*

2019-02-12 336 views

While the solar chromosphere has been routinely observed in high-resolution from ground-based optical telescopes such as the Swedish Solar Telescope (SST), and more recently in the UV from space-borne telescopes such as the Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS), radio observations lag behind despite their great potential. Distinctly from photospheric lines, most chromospheric diagnostics such as Ca II 854.2 nm and Mg II h and k form under non-LTE conditions, therefore […]

First high-resolution look at the quiet Sun with ALMA at 3 mm
by A. Nindos et al.*

2018-11-27 501 views

Observations of the radio continuum at millimeter (mm) wavelengths provide a unique chromospheric diagnostic. The quiet Sun mm-wavelength emission mechanism is free-free and electrons are almost always in local thermodynamic equilibrium (e.g. Shibasaki et al. 2011 and Wedemeyer et al. 2016). The availability of mm-wavelength solar observations with ALMA can advance our knowledge on the chromosphere because of the instrument’s unique spatial resolution and sensitivity. In a previous study (Alissandrakis […]

Topical issue “Solar radio physics from the chromosphere to near Earth” published
by E.P Kontar and A. Nindos

2018-06-26 599 views

The 2016 CESRA workshop (http://cesra2016.sciencesconf.org) had a special emphasis on the complementarity of current and future space-based observations with ground-based radio observations. It was the place to discuss the new exciting science opportunities that arise from radio instruments such as the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA), the Expanded Owens Valley Solar Array (EOVSA), the Expanded Very Large Array (EVLA), the Low Frequency array (LOFAR), the Mingantu Spectral Radioheliograph (MUSER), and […]

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