### Narrowband Spikes Observed during the 2013 November 7 Flare by M. Karlicky et al.

2021-06-22

Narrowband dm-spikes belong to the most interesting fine structures of solar radio bursts that are closely connected to primary flare energy-release processes (Krueger 1979) and observed in some cases near the Type III burst starting frequency. They occur in clouds of narrowband bursts with a typical duration less than 100 ms, frequency relative bandwidth 1-3 %, and brightness temperature up to $10^{15}$ K. For them several radio emission models were suggested. Earlier models suggested […]

### Harmonic Electron Cyclotron Maser Emission Excited by Energetic Electrons Traveling inside a Coronal Loop by M. Yousefzadeh et al.*

2021-04-27

Solar spikes are radio bursts closely associated with the impulsive stage of solar flares. They are characterized by extremely high brightness temperature of up to 1015 K, narrow-band, and short duration. Thousands of spikes could exist in an event. This leads researchers to suggest that solar spikes represent elementary energy release events during solar flares. Earlier studies have suggested the electron-cyclotron-maser emission (ECME) driven by energetic electrons with the loss-cone […]