Spectral Structures of Type II Solar Radio Bursts and Solar Energetic Particles
by K. Iwai

2020-03-03 312 views

Solar eruptive phenomena, such as flares and coronal mass ejections (CMEs), generate high-energy particles called solar energetic particles (SEPs). Severe SEP events sometimes cause satellite anomalies and radiation exposure to humans in space. Hence, understanding and forecasting SEPs is an important issue in space weather. Type II solar radio bursts are nonthermal radio emissions with negative frequency drift observed between the metric and kilometric frequency range. They are thought to […]

Propagation and Interaction Properties of Successive Coronal Mass Ejections in Relation to a Complex Type II Radio Burst
by Y. D. Liu et al.*

2017-12-19 775 views

Quantifying how coronal mass ejections (CMEs), particularly fast ones, propagate from the Sun to the Earth is an overarching issue in CME research and space weather forecasting. A typical fast CME would finish its major deceleration well before reaching 1 AU (Liu et al. 2013). The actual situation of CME Sun-to-Earth propagation, however, may involve interactions with the highly structured solar wind including other CMEs. Interactions involving more than two […]

Source regions of the type II radio burst observed during a CME–CME interaction on 2013 May 22
by P. Mäkelä et al.*

2016-12-06 3,055 views

Occasionally the Sun ejects a pair of magnetized plasma clouds, called coronal mass ejections (CMEs), roughly into the same propagation direction in closely timed sequence. If the second CME is faster than the first one, the CMEs could either just slip through each other or they could collide and interact, when the following CME catches up the preceding one. The possibility of the CME-CME interaction was first suggested by Gopalswamy […]