PIC simulations of harmonic maser emissions
by Ning et al.*

2021-11-23 316 views

Electron cyclotron maser emission (ECME) represents a major class of coherent emission mechanism of solar radio bursts. ECME usually occurs in strongly magnetized plasmas with the frequency ratio $\omega_{pe} / \Omega_{ce} < 1$, induced by energetic electrons with $\partial f /\partial v >0$, where $f$ represents the velocity distribution function. In solar active regions, this mechanism has been applied to millisecond spikes which are characterized by high brightness temperatures, short […]

Radio Interferometric Observations of the Sun Using Commercial Dish TV Antennas
by G. V. S. Gireesh et al.*

2021-11-09 179 views

Commercial dish TV antennas are parabolic structures designed to receive radio waves from a communication satellite. The antennas and the associated front end receiver systems have improved with advances in the TV systems. They operate typically over the frequency range 10.7 – 11.7 GHz (Ku-band) and provide very good signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). It is well known that the Sun emits intense radio emission in the above frequency range with brightness […]

Radio, X-ray and extreme-ultraviolet observations of weak energy releases in the ‘quiet’ Sun
by Ramesh et. al.

2021-10-26 114 views

Small scale energy releases on the Sun e.g., flaring bright points, active region transient brightenings, etc. have been studied using X-ray and radio observations. The observations of low frequency radio type III bursts in associated with X-ray bright point flares (Kundu et. al. 1980) and coronal X-ray jets (Aurass et. al. 1994) indicated that the latter are capable of accelerating particles to non-thermal energies, as well as producing the heated […]

First Frequency-time-resolved Imaging Spectroscopy Observations of Solar Radio Spikes
by D. L. Clarkson et al.*

2021-10-12 238 views

Solar radio spikes are short duration, narrowband radio bursts that are signature of the acceleration of non-thermal electrons in solar flares. They are observed over a wide range of frequencies from the tens of MHz (Melnik et al. 2014) to the GHz range (Benz et al. 1992), and have some of the shortest durations and narrow bandwidths of any solar radio bursts. The origin of spikes is not fully understood. […]

Properties of High-Frequency Type II Radio Bursts and Their Relation to the Associated Coronal Mass Ejections
by A.C. Umuhire et al.*

2021-09-28 194 views

Type II radio bursts are slow-drifting and long-lasting radio emission produced by nonthermal electrons accelerated at shocks propagating through the solar corona and interplanetary medium (Nelson & Melrose, 1985). The accelerated electrons generate Langmuir waves, which get converted into electromagnetic radiation by the plasma emission mechanism first identified by Ginzburg & Zhelezniakov (1958). Currently, there is a common understanding that type II radio bursts are produced by shocks formed ahead […]

The active region source of a type III radio storm observed by Parker Solar Probe during encounter 2
by L. Harra et al*

2021-09-16 260 views

During encounter 2 of NASA’s PSP mission there was a large amount of radio activity and, in particular, a noise storm of frequent, small type III bursts from 31 March to 6 April 2019. Our aim is to investigate the source of these small and frequent bursts. We studied the behaviour of active region 12737, whose emergence and evolution coincides with the timing of the radio noise storm and determined the […]

Langmuir wave motion observed in the most intense radio sources in the sky
by H. Reid and E. Kontar

2021-08-31 343 views

The Sun routinely produces energetic electrons in its outer atmosphere that subsequently travel through interplanetary space. These electron beams generate Langmuir waves in the background plasma, producing type III radio bursts that are the brightest radio sources in the sky (Suzuki & Dulk, 1985). These solar radio bursts also provide a unique opportunity to understand particle acceleration and transport which is important for our prediction of extreme space weather events […]

Quasi-Periodic Particle Acceleration in a Solar Flare
by B. Clarke et al.*

2021-08-17 186 views

Quasi-periodic pulsations (QPPs) are defined as intensity modulations in the flare electromagnetic radiation as a function of time. These modulations have been found to have characteristic periodicities that range from < 1 s up to several minutes. QPPs were first associated with the impulsive phase of flares and observed in the hard X-ray (HXR) and radio wavebands (Parks & Winkler 1969). They have more recently been observed within the thermal […]

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