Deciphering Faint Gyrosynchrotron Emission from a Coronal Mass Ejection Using Spectropolarimetric Radio Imaging by Devojyoti Kansabanik, Surajit Mondal and Divya Oberoi


Coronal mass ejections (CMEs) are large-scale expulsion of plasma and magnetic fields from the solar corona into the heliosphere. Magnetic field entrained in the CME plasma is crucial to understand their propagation, evolution, and geo-effectiveness. Among the different observables at radio wavelengths, spectral modeling of faint gyrosynchrotron (GS) emission from CME plasma has been regarded as one of the most promising remote observing techniques for estimating spatially resolved CME magnetic […]

A New 6-15 GHz Solar Radio Observation System, by Lei Zhang et al.


In the decimeter to centimeter wavelength, solar radio emission during bursts are generally accepted to be generated by gyrosynchrotron. The typical gyrosynchrotron spectra present reverse-V shapes. And the spectral parameters, including the peak frequency, peak flux and declining spectra etc. can provide crucial information of the bursts. The spectral peak usually appears around 10 GHz. And it is demanded that a continuum observation can cover this frequency range. Meanwhile, the […]

Morphology of solar type II bursts caused by shock propagation through turbulent and inhomogeneous coronal plasma by A. Koval et al


Type II solar bursts are radio signatures of shock waves in the solar corona driven by solar flares or coronal mass ejections. Therefore, these bursts present complex spectral morphologies in solar dynamic spectra. In particular, the radio emission lane may separate into two thinner bands that is known as band-splitting (Vršnak et al., 2002). “Fractured” type II bursts, exhibiting spectrally indented shapes in the form of bumps or breaks, are […]

A possible new scenario for widespread solar energetic particle events by Nina Dresing et al.


A long-standing problem in solar energetic particle (SEP) studies is to pinpoint their source regions at the Sun. Potential contributions by both the flare and CME-driven shocks complicate the analysis. A certain type of SEP events shows very wide particle spreads up to all around the Sun. The mechanisms proposed so far to generate these widespread events are a very wide SEP injection region, likely a shock, or strong perpendicular […]

Two-element interferometer for millimeter-wave solar flare observations, by Yu et al.


Solar radio emission can be significantly influenced by Earth’s atmosphere when transmitting towards the Earth’s surface, due to atmospheric turbulence and the absorption of vapor and oxygen molecules etc. Consequently, antennas receive signals with a ‘dither’ component, indicating a noise signal exhibiting random variations. As a result, the sensitivity of observing systems distorts severely , especially for weaker radio bursts in the millimeter passband. Weak bursts can be usually observed […]

Solar electron beam velocities that grow Langmuir waves in the inner heliosphere by C. Y. Lorfing et al.


Solar accelerated electron beams interact with the background plasma of the solar wind to locally generate Langmuir waves and subsequently produce radio emission (Ginzburg and Zhelezniakov 1958). Numerous observations at different distances from the Sun by spacecrafts like Solar Orbiter (0.5AU) and ACE (1AU) show different energy ranges of electrons interacting with the plasma to produce Langmuir oscillations. At 0.5AU, non-thermal electrons in the deca-keV range arrive co-temporal to the […]

Data-constrained Solar Modeling with GX Simulator by G. Nita et al


In the dynamic realm of modern solar physics, where vast and diverse data sets challenge understanding, a critical need emerges for advanced data-constrained 3D modeling that combines photospheric magnetic fields measurements and a wide range of contextual electromagnetic radiation observations, which includes radio, X-ray, and extreme ultraviolet (EUV) emissions. Bridging all these available observational data constraints is imperative to create a comprehensive understanding of solar activity and phenomena. Addressing this […]

Imaging preflare broadband pulsations in the decimetric-metric wavelengths by Lv et al


Solar radio pulsations represent (quasi-)periodic or irregular short fluctuations observed from the radio flux curves or the dynamic spectra, in almost all wavelength ranges from metric to microwave (See the review by Nindos & Aurass 2007). They can be classified as broadband pulsations (BBPs) and narrowband pulsations (NBPs). Most earlier studies have focused on pulsations taking place during the impulsive or decay phases of solar flares. During the preflare stage, […]

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