Signatures of Type III Solar Radio Bursts from Nanoflares: Modeling
by Sherry Chhabra et al.*

2022-02-01 234 views

Nanoflares are impulsive energy releases due to small breaks in coronal magnetic fields that have become stressed by photospheric convection. They are too small to be detected individually, but several lines of evidence suggest that they may be a primary candidate of coronal heating. But, whether nanoflares excite particles like full-sized flares is unknown (Vievering et al. 2021). A leading theory of particle acceleration predicts that the efficiency of acceleration […]

Radio Probing of Solar Wind Sources in Coronal Magnetic Fields
 by A. Koval et al.*

2022-01-18 212 views

The magnetic fields of the Sun govern the solar corona structure where the solar wind emanates and further accelerates supersonically. Therefore, the accurate observational data about the topology, and more significantly, quantities of the coronal magnetic field are pivotal for identifying the solar wind sources as well as for the Space Weather modeling where these data specify initial conditions. Magnetic-field strength values in the solar wind sources are derived from […]

Characterising coronal turbulence using snapshot imaging of radio bursts in 80 – 200 MHz
by Atul Mohan

2022-01-04 171 views

Metrewave solar type-III radio bursts offer a unique means to study the properties of turbulence across coronal heights. Theoretical models have shown that the apparent intensity and size of the burst sources evolve at sub-second scales due to turbulent scattering of radio waves close to their generation sites (Arzner & Magun, 1999; Kontar et al., 2019). The advent of high cadence snapshot spectroscopic imaging capabilities in meter wavebands have made […]

Particle-in-cell simulation of plasma emission in solar radio bursts
by T. M. Li et al.

2021-12-21 166 views

Solar radio radiation is one of the most sensitive emissions during solar eruptions, where type III radio bursts can provide clues for electron acceleration and propagation. Type III radio bursts are widely accepted to result from the plasma emission, which is observationally supported by the presence of Langmuir waves, and excited electromagnetic waves at fundamental and harmonic frequencies from the nonlinear wave coupling (Ginzburg & Zhelezniakov 1958). Such a mechanism […]

Searching for optical/EUV counterparts of type IIs in a complex metric burst

by Costas Alissandrakis et al.*

2021-12-07 208 views

Solar type II bursts are sporadic emissions characterized by their narrow bandwidth and slow frequency drift in dynamic spectra (Nelson & Melrose, 1985; Vršnak & Cliver 2008; Nindos et al. 2008; Pick & Vilmer 2008). They are attributed to shock waves produced by flare/CME eruptions. However, the association of type IIs with optical or EUV features is not clear; the leading edge or flanks of CMEs, the front of an […]

PIC simulations of harmonic maser emissions
by Ning et al.*

2021-11-23 357 views

Electron cyclotron maser emission (ECME) represents a major class of coherent emission mechanism of solar radio bursts. ECME usually occurs in strongly magnetized plasmas with the frequency ratio $\omega_{pe} / \Omega_{ce} < 1$, induced by energetic electrons with $\partial f /\partial v >0$, where $f$ represents the velocity distribution function. In solar active regions, this mechanism has been applied to millisecond spikes which are characterized by high brightness temperatures, short […]

Radio Interferometric Observations of the Sun Using Commercial Dish TV Antennas
by G. V. S. Gireesh et al.*

2021-11-09 270 views

Commercial dish TV antennas are parabolic structures designed to receive radio waves from a communication satellite. The antennas and the associated front end receiver systems have improved with advances in the TV systems. They operate typically over the frequency range 10.7 – 11.7 GHz (Ku-band) and provide very good signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). It is well known that the Sun emits intense radio emission in the above frequency range with brightness […]

Radio, X-ray and extreme-ultraviolet observations of weak energy releases in the ‘quiet’ Sun
by Ramesh et. al.

2021-10-26 136 views

Small scale energy releases on the Sun e.g., flaring bright points, active region transient brightenings, etc. have been studied using X-ray and radio observations. The observations of low frequency radio type III bursts in associated with X-ray bright point flares (Kundu et. al. 1980) and coronal X-ray jets (Aurass et. al. 1994) indicated that the latter are capable of accelerating particles to non-thermal energies, as well as producing the heated […]

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