### Critical Fluctuations in Beam-Plasma Systems and Solar Type III Radio Bursts by G. Thejappa and R. J. MacDowall

2017-12-05

The type III radio bursts are the most intense radio emissions from the sun. In Figure 1, we present a typical type III burst observed by the STEREO spacecraft. Ginzburg and Zheleznyakov (1958) were the first to suggest that Langmuir waves excited by the solar flare accelerated electrons are the source of these bursts. The in situ detection of electron beams and Langmuir waves in association with type III bursts […]

### Observations of solar radio burst fine structures with LOFAR by E. Kontar et al.*

2017-11-28

During solar flares, electrons are accelerated up to relativistic speeds. As they propagate upwards through the solar corona, they produce so-called type III radio bursts. These type III bursts often demonstrate fine structure, with their spectra consisting of multiple narrowband “striae”; most likely, these structures are caused by small-scale density inhomogeneities of the coronal plasma so that the subsequent fundamental plasma processes that produce the radio bursts is produced in […]

### Small electron acceleration episodes in the solar corona by T. James et al.

2017-11-07

Large solar flares are well known sites of prodigious particle acceleration. While these have deservedly attracted considerable attention, small episodes of electron acceleration and heating have been lately recognized as possible candidates for heating the quiet solar corona. We study the number, power and energy carried by nonthermal electrons produced by instances of small scale electron acceleration in the solar corona. Our primary focus is on small electron acceleration events […]

### How Electron Beams Produce Continuous Coherent Plasma Emission by H. Che, M. Goldstein, P. Diamond, and R. Sagdeev

2017-04-11

It is commonly accepted that energetic electron beams can produce drift frequency radio emission or Type III bursts since Ginzburg and Zhelezniakov first proposed the idea in 1958. However, the electron two-stream instability time (see reference 2) in the corona is fraction of a second, while the duration of coronal Type III bursts lasts several orders of magnitude longer. This problem is called the “Sturrock Dilemma” and remains a subject […]

### Large-scale simulations of Langmuir Wave Distributions Induced by Electron Beams by H. Reid and E. Kontar

2017-02-14

Langmuir waves that generate type III radio bursts are excited by high-energy electron beams streaming out from the corona through interplanetary space. Despite a smooth temporal distribution of electrons, the Langmuir waves are measured to occur in discrete clumps, commonly attributed to the turbulent nature of the solar wind electron density (e.g. Smith and Sime 1979, Melrose et al 1986). But how do fluctuations in the background plasma shape the […]

### Emission of radiation by plasmas with counter-streaming electron beams by L. F. Ziebell et al.*

2017-01-31

The phenomena of emission of radiation by the Sun, which are known as type II and type III solar radio bursts, have been known and investigated for more than sixty years. The bursts of radiation occur at a frequency corresponding to the plasma frequency at the source region, and harmonics are frequently observed. It is commonly accepted that the radiation is generated by a nonlinear mechanism, proposed by Ginzburg and […]

### Diagnosing the Source Region of a Solar Burst on 26 September 2011 by Using Microwave Type-III Pairs by Tan B. L. et al.*

2016-12-20

Accelerated electron beams are believed to be responsible for both hard X-ray (HXR) and strong coherent radio emission during solar flares. However, so far the location of the electron acceleration and its physical parameters are poorly known. The solar microwave Type-III pair burst is possibly the most sensitive signature of the primary energy release and electron accelerations in flares (Aschwanden & Benz, 1997, ApJ). A Type-III pair is composed of […]

### Acceleration of electrons in the solar wind by Langmuir waves produced by a decay cascade by Catherine Krafft and Alexander Volokitin

2016-12-13

It was recently reported that a significant part of the Langmuir waveforms observed by the STEREO satellite (Graham and Cairns, 2013) during type III solar radio bursts are likely consistent with the occurrence of electrostatic decay instabilities, when a Langmuir wave $\mathcal{L}$ resonantly interacts with another Langmuir wave $\mathcal{L}^{\prime}$ and an ion sound wave $\mathcal{S}^{\prime}$ through the decay channel $\mathcal{L} \rightarrow\mathcal{L}^{\prime}+\mathcal{S}^{\prime}$. Usually such wave-wave interactions occur in regions of the […]

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