Properties of Decameter IIIb–III Pairs
by V. Melnik et al.*

2018-05-29 339 views

A large number of Type IIIb–III pairs, in which the first component is a Type IIIb burst and the second one is a Type III burst, are often observed during decameter Type III burst storms. From the beginning of their detection, the question of whether the components of these pairs are the first and the second harmonics of radio emission or not has remained open. We discuss properties of decameter […]

LOFAR observations of Fine Fundamental and Harmonic Structures in Solar Radio Bursts
by Xingyao Chen et al*

2018-05-01 651 views

Type III solar radio bursts are believed to be the most sensitive signatures of near-relativistic electron beam propagation in the corona. These intense bursts of solar radio emissions sometimes appear in the dynamic spectrum as a chain of several elementary bursts, which are known as striae, so an individual burst is composed of myriad of such stria (de La Noe & Boischot, 1972). Although there are several generation mechanisms of […]

Solar Type-IIIb Radio Bursts as Tracers for Electron Density Fluctuations in the Corona
by V. Mugundhan et al.*

2018-04-17 288 views

Type III bursts are generated when an electron accelerated close to speed of light excite the layers of coronal plasma they encounter when travelling away from the sun. These bursts are seen in a time-frequency-intensity image (called dynamic spectrum, as the time variation of the spectrum is visualized by it) as a bright patch, drifting from high to low frequencies on short time-scales ($\approx$ few-seconds). At times, along the path […]

Critical Fluctuations in Beam-Plasma Systems and Solar Type III Radio Bursts
by G. Thejappa and R. J. MacDowall

2017-12-05 654 views

The type III radio bursts are the most intense radio emissions from the sun. In Figure 1, we present a typical type III burst observed by the STEREO spacecraft. Ginzburg and Zheleznyakov (1958) were the first to suggest that Langmuir waves excited by the solar flare accelerated electrons are the source of these bursts. The in situ detection of electron beams and Langmuir waves in association with type III bursts […]

Observations of solar radio burst fine structures with LOFAR
by E. Kontar et al.*

2017-11-28 1,387 views

During solar flares, electrons are accelerated up to relativistic speeds. As they propagate upwards through the solar corona, they produce so-called type III radio bursts. These type III bursts often demonstrate fine structure, with their spectra consisting of multiple narrowband “striae”; most likely, these structures are caused by small-scale density inhomogeneities of the coronal plasma so that the subsequent fundamental plasma processes that produce the radio bursts is produced in […]

Small electron acceleration episodes in the solar corona
by T. James et al.

2017-11-07 736 views

Large solar flares are well known sites of prodigious particle acceleration. While these have deservedly attracted considerable attention, small episodes of electron acceleration and heating have been lately recognized as possible candidates for heating the quiet solar corona. We study the number, power and energy carried by nonthermal electrons produced by instances of small scale electron acceleration in the solar corona. Our primary focus is on small electron acceleration events […]

How Electron Beams Produce Continuous Coherent Plasma Emission
by H. Che, M. Goldstein, P. Diamond, and R. Sagdeev

2017-04-11 923 views

It is commonly accepted that energetic electron beams can produce drift frequency radio emission or Type III bursts since Ginzburg and Zhelezniakov first proposed the idea in 1958. However, the electron two-stream instability time (see reference 2) in the corona is fraction of a second, while the duration of coronal Type III bursts lasts several orders of magnitude longer. This problem is called the “Sturrock Dilemma” and remains a subject […]

Large-scale simulations of Langmuir Wave Distributions Induced by Electron Beams
by H. Reid and E. Kontar

2017-02-14 810 views

Langmuir waves that generate type III radio bursts are excited by high-energy electron beams streaming out from the corona through interplanetary space. Despite a smooth temporal distribution of electrons, the Langmuir waves are measured to occur in discrete clumps, commonly attributed to the turbulent nature of the solar wind electron density (e.g. Smith and Sime 1979, Melrose et al 1986). But how do fluctuations in the background plasma shape the […]

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