Temperature constraints from inversions of synthetic solar optical, UV and radio spectra
by J. M. da Silva Santos et al*

2019-02-12 192 views

While the solar chromosphere has been routinely observed in high-resolution from ground-based optical telescopes such as the Swedish Solar Telescope (SST), and more recently in the UV from space-borne telescopes such as the Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS), radio observations lag behind despite their great potential. Distinctly from photospheric lines, most chromospheric diagnostics such as Ca II 854.2 nm and Mg II h and k form under non-LTE conditions, therefore […]

Coronal Mass Ejection-driven Type II solar radio burst structure with LOFAR and radio-wave scattering
by Nicolina Chrysaphi et al.*

2019-01-29 413 views

Coronal Mass Ejections (CMEs) are often viewed as the major drivers of space weather disturbances in the Sun-Earth system. Shocks driven by CMEs can excite radio emissions characterised by a slow frequency drift across dynamic spectra. These radio emissions are known as Type II solar radio bursts and can consist of two bands with a frequency ratio of 1:2. Each of these bands can split into two thinner sub-bands, a […]

Synthetic Radio Imaging in Quiet and Eruptive Solar Cases
by S. P. Moschou et. al.*

2019-01-15 264 views

A diverse set of radio production mechanisms makes the radio wavelengths a unique observational window into the universe. Radio emission can be produced by both quiescent and eruptive phenomena, e.g. flares and coronal mass ejections (CMEs). The morphology of the quiet Sun in radio depends on macroscopic MHD quantities, such as the density, the temperature and the magnetic field, and the type of the emission. Lee at al. (2009) showed […]

Simulation of Focusing Effect of Traveling Ionospheric Disturbances on Meter-Decameter Solar Dynamic Spectra
by A. Koval et al*

2019-01-02 308 views

Traveling ionospheric disturbances (TIDs) are one particular type of the Earth’s ionosphere irregularities (Hunsucker, 1982). They represent wave-like electron density structures propagating in the ionosphere. The motion of TIDs modulates the electron density distribution in space. It leads to a modification of plasma parameters, namely the refractive index, and affects the propagation of radio waves. In particular cases, the variations of plasma parameters strongly affect the lower-frequency electromagnetic waves that […]

Coronal mass ejections associated to a super-active region
by H. Cremades et al.*

2018-12-18 517 views

During its transit through central meridian, and along four consecutive days, from 13 to 16 February 2011, NOAA active region (AR) 11158 generated coronal mass ejections (CMEs) in association with waves observed in the extreme ultraviolet (EUV) low corona, and even with a Moreton wave. On those dates, the spacecraft of the STEREO mission were located in quadrature with SOHO and SDO, enabling the exceptional observation of this series of […]

A type III radio burst automatic analysis system and statistic results for a half solar cycle with Nançay Decameter Array data
by Zhang et al.*

2018-12-11 304 views

Type III radio bursts are the most frequent radio bursts observed from the solar corona, which are generated by weakly relativistic electron beams moving outward along open magnetic field lines from solar active regions. According to the classic plasma emission mechanism (Melrose, 1985), the frequency drift rate of type III bursts depends both on the radial velocity of the exciter electrons and on the gradient of the background electron density […]

First high-resolution look at the quiet Sun with ALMA at 3 mm
by A. Nindos et al.*

2018-11-27 451 views

Observations of the radio continuum at millimeter (mm) wavelengths provide a unique chromospheric diagnostic. The quiet Sun mm-wavelength emission mechanism is free-free and electrons are almost always in local thermodynamic equilibrium (e.g. Shibasaki et al. 2011 and Wedemeyer et al. 2016). The availability of mm-wavelength solar observations with ALMA can advance our knowledge on the chromosphere because of the instrument’s unique spatial resolution and sensitivity. In a previous study (Alissandrakis […]

Coronal Densities Probed by Type III Radio Burst Imaging
by P. McCauley et al.*

2018-11-13 288 views

Type III solar radio bursts are caused by electron beams accelerated to modest fractions of light speed by magnetic reconnection, the process that drives solar flares. The beams stimulate oscillations in the ambient plasma, which in turn produce short periods of intense radio emission. The standard theory predicts emission at either the fundamental electron plasma frequency (fp) or its harmonic (2fp). These values are proportional to the square root of […]

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