The 30 cm solar radio flux: a new proxy for upper atmosphere specification
by Thierry Dudok de Wit and Sean Bruinsma

2017-06-27 845 views

The 10.7 cm solar radio flux is a widely (if not the most widely) used proxy for solar activity. However, other centimetric wavelengths have also been monitored, some routinely and for several decades. Such observations provide unique records of long-term solar variability. We find that the radio flux at 30 cm receives relatively stronger contributions from Bremsstrahlung vs gyro-resonance emissions (as compared to the 10.7 cm flux); as a consequence, […]

Particle acceleration and turbulence during a solar flare
by E.P. Kontar et al.*

2017-06-13 1,403 views

Particle acceleration during solar flares is a highly efficient process, in terms of both the energy (tens of percent of the released magnetic energy can be transferred to the energetic particles) and the particle number (nearly all electrons in the flaring region are accelerated). So-called stochastic acceleration (e.g., Petrosian 2012 for a review) is one of the most popular mechanisms capable of providing these characteristics. In this scenario, the magnetic […]

Solar wind density turbulence from 10 to 45 solar radii
by K. Sasikumar Raja et al.*

2017-06-06 474 views

The extended solar corona and the solar wind is a rich testbed for studying the properties of magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) turbulence. While most solar wind turbulence theories only treat incompressible turbulence, density irregularities are present in the solar wind, and are manifested through fluctuations in the refractive index. Knowledge of density turbulence impacts our understanding of the solar wind significantly, and is important for interpreting a variety of observations. It is […]

Multi-Loop Structure of Nonthermal Microwave Sources in a Major Long-Duration Flare
by V. Grechnev et al.*

2017-05-23 454 views

Hard X-ray (HXR) and microwave observations of flares show only a few nonthermal sources. They are simple and compact, especially in impulsive flares, suggesting involvement of one to two loops. Hanaoka (1996) and Nishio et al. (1997) interpreted these observations in terms of double-loop flares. This view was later extended up to long-duration flares (Tzatzakis, Nindos, and Alissandrakis, 2008). A concept of a simple flare loop became dominant. However, observations […]

Comparison of alternative zebra-structure models in solar radio emission
by G.P. Chernov et al.*

2017-05-16 366 views

Discussion about the nature of zebra-structure (ZS) in type IV radio bursts continues, despite the ten proposed models. First of all, this is due to the wide variety of stripes in each new phenomenon, making the explanation of all the fine details by any one mechanism becomes impossible. The most widespread explanation is the emission at different levels of double plasma resonance (DPR), sequential on the height surfaces in the magnetic […]

Microwave emission as a proxy of CME speed in ICME forecasting
by Carolina Salas Matamoros, Ludwig Klein and Gerard Trottet

2017-05-09 562 views

Coronal Mass Ejections (CMEs) are one type of interplanetary structure that mostly affect the geomagnetic field (e.g. Gonzalez and Tsurutani, 1987; Zhang et al, 2007). These structures are observed and studied through coronagraphic images. The basic limitation of the coronagraph is that it shows the corona only in the plane of the sky, and blocks by necessity the view on the solar disk. Thus, the projection effect in the kinematic […]

The Brightness Temperature of the Quiet Solar Chromosphere at 2.6 mm
by Kazumasa Iwai et al

2017-04-25 852 views

The brightness temperature of the Sun constitutes a basic property of the solar atmosphere. The main emission mechanism of the Sun at millimeter and submillimeter wavelengths is thermal free–free emission from the chromosphere, which is an atmospheric layer with a temperature ranging between 6000 to 20,000 K. The opacity of thermal free–free emission depends on the temperature and density in the emission region. In addition, the Rayleigh– Jeans law is applicable […]

How Electron Beams Produce Continuous Coherent Plasma Emission
by H. Che, M. Goldstein, P. Diamond, and R. Sagdeev

2017-04-11 736 views

It is commonly accepted that energetic electron beams can produce drift frequency radio emission or Type III bursts since Ginzburg and Zhelezniakov first proposed the idea in 1958. However, the electron two-stream instability time (see reference 2) in the corona is fraction of a second, while the duration of coronal Type III bursts lasts several orders of magnitude longer. This problem is called the “Sturrock Dilemma” and remains a subject […]

1 2 3 7