### Radio bursts in the 2017 September 6, X9.3 flare by M. Karlicky and J. Rybak

2020-11-17

Radio bursts and their fine structures are an integral part of solar flares. Although many of them are known as e.g. type II, III, V, J, U, and IV, still some unique bursts and fine structures, not observed so far, can be detected. This is the case of the X9.3 flare observed on September 6, 2017, where we found not only several unique bursts and fine structures, but also their […]

### Magnetic Reconnection during the Post-impulsive Phase of a Long-duration Solar Flare by S. Yu et al.

2020-10-27

Magnetic reconnection, a fundamental process in astrophysical environment plasma is believed to facilitate the release of energy stored in the magnetic field. However, where the magnetic reconnections occur, how and where the released magnetic energy is transported, and how it is converted to other forms remain unclear. Here, we report well-connected observational signatures of magnetic reconnection, plasma heating, and electron acceleration observed during the post-impulsive gradual phase of the X8.2-class […]

### Low frequency radio observations of the ‘quiet’ corona during the descending phase of sunspot cycle 24 by R. Ramesh et al.*

2020-10-13

The shape, size and electron density (Ne) of the corona varies with the sunspot cycle, which is now very well established by white-light observations. In our study, we investigated the ‘quiet’ solar corona (i.e., the corona distinct from emission due to transient and long-lasting discrete sources) at radio frequencies during the descending phase of sunspot cycle 24. We used the radio images obtained with the Gauribidanur RAdioheliograPH (GRAPH; Ramesh1998) at […]

### Microwave Spectral Imaging of an Erupting Magnetic Flux Rope During a Large Solar Flare by B. Chen et al.*

2020-09-22

Magnetic flux ropes are believed to be the centerpiece of the three-part structure of coronal mass ejections. In the standard model of eruptive solar flares, flux rope eruption also induces the impulsive flare energy release through magnetic reconnection. Signatures of flare-associated flux ropes in the low solar corona have been frequently reported in extreme ultraviolet (EUV) wavelengths, particularly the so-called EUV “hot channel” structures (see, e.g., Cheng et al. 2017 […]

### Polarisation and source structure of solar stationary type IV radio bursts by C. Salas-Matamoros and L. Klein

2020-09-08

A coronal mass ejection (CME) is a phenomenon which produces large-scale ejections of mass and magnetic field from the lower corona into the interplanetary space (e.g. Forbes, 2000). The ejection of CMEs is often accompanied by the radio emission from non-thermal electrons. Particularly, stationary type IV continua are thought to be emitted by electrons in closed magnetic structures in the wake of the rising CME. Although basic properties, such as […]

### Radio echo in the turbulent corona and simulations of solar drift-pair radio bursts observed with LOFAR by Kuznetsov et al

2020-08-18

Drift-pair bursts are a rare and mysterious type of fine spectral structures in the low-frequency domain of solar radio emission. First identified by Roberts (1958), they appear in the dynamic spectrum as two parallel frequency-drifting bright stripes separated in time; the trailing stripe seems to repeat the morphology of the leading one with a typical delay of ~1–2 s (see, e.g., Figure 1). Recent imaging spectroscopy observations with the LOw-Frequency […]

### Observations of fragmented energy release during solar flare emission by R. Ramesh et al.*

2020-07-28

Type III radio bursts from the Sun are signatures of energetic (∼1–100 keV) electrons, accelerated at the reconnection sites, propagating upward through the corona into the interplanetary medium along open magnetic field lines. The emission mechanism of the bursts is widely believed to be due to coherent plasma processes. The bursts are observed typically in the frequency range $\approx 1\,$GHz$– 10\,$kHz, which corresponds to radial distance range between the […]

### Density and magnetic field turbulence in solar flares estimated from radio zebra observations by M. Karlicky and L. Yasnov

2020-07-14

Solar flares are characterized by fast plasma flows. In such plasma flows owing to the Kelvin-Helmholtz instability the maqnetohydrodynamic turbulence can be generated. Although, the turbulence plays an important role in solar flares, e.g., in acceleration of particles, a knowledge about the level of  this turbulence is still very limited.  In the present study we estimate the levels of this turbulence. For this purpose we use observations of the so called zebra […]

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