The effect of scattering on the apparent positions of solar radio sources observed by LOFAR by Mykola Gordovskyy

2019-05-21

Radio sources observed in the decametric range during type II and type III solar radio bursts are believed to be produced by coherent plasma emission due to electrostatic plasma oscillations induced by propagating suprathermal electrons (e.g. Ginzburg & Zhelezniakov 1958). This type of emission is a valuable tool for observational diagnostics of the upper corona. Produced at the local plasma frequency, $f_{pe}\rm{[kHz]}= 8.93 (n_e\rm{[cm}^{-3}\rm{]})^{-1/2}$ or its harmonic, plasma emission can reveal […]

A type III radio burst automatic analysis system and statistic results for a half solar cycle with Nançay Decameter Array data by Zhang et al.*

2018-12-11

Type III radio bursts are the most frequent radio bursts observed from the solar corona, which are generated by weakly relativistic electron beams moving outward along open magnetic field lines from solar active regions. According to the classic plasma emission mechanism (Melrose, 1985), the frequency drift rate of type III bursts depends both on the radial velocity of the exciter electrons and on the gradient of the background electron density […]

Coronal Densities Probed by Type III Radio Burst Imaging by P. McCauley et al.*

2018-11-13

Type III solar radio bursts are caused by electron beams accelerated to modest fractions of light speed by magnetic reconnection, the process that drives solar flares. The beams stimulate oscillations in the ambient plasma, which in turn produce short periods of intense radio emission. The standard theory predicts emission at either the fundamental electron plasma frequency (fp) or its harmonic (2fp). These values are proportional to the square root of […]

Modulation of radio emission, fast magnetoacoustic waves and magnetic field measurements in the solar corona with LOFAR by Kolotkov et al*

2018-08-21

Fast magnetoacoustic wave trains are a promising seismological probe of the corona, revealing the magnetic connectivity and providing the estimation of the absolute value of the coronal magnetic field. Low-frequency radio observations allow for the detection of fast wave trains in middle and upper corona, above the field-of-view of EUV imagers and spectrographs, via the modulation of the radio emission by the variations of the electron concentration. We present the […]

Topical issue “Solar radio physics from the chromosphere to near Earth” published by E.P Kontar and A. Nindos

2018-06-26

The 2016 CESRA workshop (http://cesra2016.sciencesconf.org) had a special emphasis on the complementarity of current and future space-based observations with ground-based radio observations. It was the place to discuss the new exciting science opportunities that arise from radio instruments such as the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA), the Expanded Owens Valley Solar Array (EOVSA), the Expanded Very Large Array (EVLA), the Low Frequency array (LOFAR), the Mingantu Spectral Radioheliograph (MUSER), and […]

Properties of Decameter IIIb–III Pairs by V. Melnik et al.*

2018-05-29

A large number of Type IIIb–III pairs, in which the ﬁrst component is a Type IIIb burst and the second one is a Type III burst, are often observed during decameter Type III burst storms. From the beginning of their detection, the question of whether the components of these pairs are the first and the second harmonics of radio emission or not has remained open. We discuss properties of decameter […]

LOFAR observations of Fine Fundamental and Harmonic Structures in Solar Radio Bursts by Xingyao Chen et al*

2018-05-01

Type III solar radio bursts are believed to be the most sensitive signatures of near-relativistic electron beam propagation in the corona. These intense bursts of solar radio emissions sometimes appear in the dynamic spectrum as a chain of several elementary bursts, which are known as striae, so an individual burst is composed of myriad of such stria (de La Noe & Boischot, 1972). Although there are several generation mechanisms of […]

Solar Type-IIIb Radio Bursts as Tracers for Electron Density Fluctuations in the Corona by V. Mugundhan et al.*

2018-04-17

Type III bursts are generated when an electron accelerated close to speed of light excite the layers of coronal plasma they encounter when travelling away from the sun. These bursts are seen in a time-frequency-intensity image (called dynamic spectrum, as the time variation of the spectrum is visualized by it) as a bright patch, drifting from high to low frequencies on short time-scales ($\approx$ few-seconds). At times, along the path […]