Solar Physics with the Square Kilometre Array
by A. Nindos et al.*

2019-08-13 304 views

Although solar physics is one of the most mature branches of astrophysics, the Sun confronts us with a large number of outstanding problems that are fundamental in nature.  These problems include the determination of the structure and dynamics of the solar atmosphere, the magnetic field evolution in the chromosphere and corona, coronal heating, the physics of impulsive energy release, energetic particle acceleration and transport, the physics of coronal mass ejections […]

Unsupervised Generation of High Dynamic Range Solar Images: A Novel Algorithm for Self-calibration of Interferometry Data
by Surajit Mondal et al.*

2019-07-16 177 views

Imaging the sun at radio wavelengths with high fidelity is an intrinsically hard problem. This stems from: a) the large range of angular scales on which the emission is present; b) the huge difference in brightness temperature associated with the various emission mechanisms which are responsible for radio emission; and c) high variability of solar emission on small temporal (<1s) and spectral (~kHz) scales. These together imply that the uv […]

Detection of Spike-like structures near the front of Type II radio bursts
by S. Armatas et al.*

2019-07-02 450 views

Type II solar radio bursts are the result of energetic electrons accelerated by a shock. This kind of burst appears on dynamic spectra as lanes which drift slowly from high to lower frequencies. Often, we observe a fundamental – harmonic structure, which sometimes exhibits a division on each band called band-split.  Fine structures are emissions with short duration and bandwidth embedded within all types of radio bursts and constitute a […]

The effect of scattering on the apparent positions of solar radio sources observed by LOFAR
by Mykola Gordovskyy

2019-05-21 369 views

Radio sources observed in the decametric range during type II and type III solar radio bursts are believed to be produced by coherent plasma emission due to electrostatic plasma oscillations induced by propagating suprathermal electrons (e.g. Ginzburg & Zhelezniakov 1958). This type of emission is a valuable tool for observational diagnostics of the upper corona. Produced at the local plasma frequency, $f_{pe}\rm{[kHz]}= 8.93 (n_e\rm{[cm}^{-3}\rm{]})^{-1/2}$ or its harmonic, plasma emission can reveal […]

Coronal Mass Ejection-driven Type II solar radio burst structure with LOFAR and radio-wave scattering
by Nicolina Chrysaphi et al.*

2019-01-29 540 views

Coronal Mass Ejections (CMEs) are often viewed as the major drivers of space weather disturbances in the Sun-Earth system. Shocks driven by CMEs can excite radio emissions characterised by a slow frequency drift across dynamic spectra. These radio emissions are known as Type II solar radio bursts and can consist of two bands with a frequency ratio of 1:2. Each of these bands can split into two thinner sub-bands, a […]

Coronal mass ejections associated to a super-active region
by H. Cremades et al.*

2018-12-18 557 views

During its transit through central meridian, and along four consecutive days, from 13 to 16 February 2011, NOAA active region (AR) 11158 generated coronal mass ejections (CMEs) in association with waves observed in the extreme ultraviolet (EUV) low corona, and even with a Moreton wave. On those dates, the spacecraft of the STEREO mission were located in quadrature with SOHO and SDO, enabling the exceptional observation of this series of […]

Shock location and CME 3-D reconstruction of a solar type II radio burst with LOFAR
by P. Zucca et al.*

2018-10-30 337 views

Type II radio bursts are the result of shocks in the solar atmosphere and they can be observed ranging from sub-metric to kilometric wavelengths (~400 MHz to ~0.4 MHz). Coronal mass ejections initiate most of the metric type II (m-type II) bursts. The region of a CME responsible for driving the shock might be different for each event and has not yet been comprehensively identified. Multiple scenarios have been suggested, […]

Topical issue “Solar radio physics from the chromosphere to near Earth” published
by E.P Kontar and A. Nindos

2018-06-26 581 views

The 2016 CESRA workshop (http://cesra2016.sciencesconf.org) had a special emphasis on the complementarity of current and future space-based observations with ground-based radio observations. It was the place to discuss the new exciting science opportunities that arise from radio instruments such as the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA), the Expanded Owens Valley Solar Array (EOVSA), the Expanded Very Large Array (EVLA), the Low Frequency array (LOFAR), the Mingantu Spectral Radioheliograph (MUSER), and […]

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