### Electromagnetic Emission Produced by Three-wave Interactions in a Plasma with Continuously Injected Counterstreaming Electron Beams by Vladimir Annenkov and Igor Timofeev

2021-01-19

Weakly turbulent processes of three-wave interactions between Langmuir and electromagnetic waves in plasma with unstable electron flows are believed to be the main cause of type II and III solar radio emissions. The narrow band of type II bursts requires assuming that this radiation is generated in some local regions of shock fronts traveling in the solar corona, where the specific conditions for the enhancement of electromagnetic emissions near the […]

### An Explanation of Subsecond Time Evolution of Type III Solar Radio Burst Sources at Fundamental and Harmonic Frequencies by X. Chen et al

2020-12-14

Recent studies (Kontar et al. 2017) of a Type III–IIIb burst observed by LOFAR (van Haarlem et al. 2013) indicated that the temporal variations in the positions and source sizes do not fit into the standard picture of type III solar radio bursts and require a better understanding of radio-wave transport. With the aim of explaining the observed properties of type III–IIIb solar radio bursts, we use radio-wave simulations of radio-wave […]

### Radio echo in the turbulent corona and simulations of solar drift-pair radio bursts observed with LOFAR by Kuznetsov et al

2020-08-18

Drift-pair bursts are a rare and mysterious type of fine spectral structures in the low-frequency domain of solar radio emission. First identified by Roberts (1958), they appear in the dynamic spectrum as two parallel frequency-drifting bright stripes separated in time; the trailing stripe seems to repeat the morphology of the leading one with a typical delay of ~1–2 s (see, e.g., Figure 1). Recent imaging spectroscopy observations with the LOw-Frequency […]

### Observations of fragmented energy release during solar flare emission by R. Ramesh et al.*

2020-07-28

Type III radio bursts from the Sun are signatures of energetic (∼1–100 keV) electrons, accelerated at the reconnection sites, propagating upward through the corona into the interplanetary medium along open magnetic field lines. The emission mechanism of the bursts is widely believed to be due to coherent plasma processes. The bursts are observed typically in the frequency range $\approx 1\,$GHz$– 10\,$kHz, which corresponds to radial distance range between the […]

### Density Fluctuations in the Solar Wind Based on Type III Radio Bursts Observed by Parker Solar Probe by V. Krupar et al.*

2020-03-31

Type III bursts belong among the strongest radio signals routinely observed by both space-borne and ground-based instrumentations. They are generated via the plasma emission mechanism, when beams of suprathermal electrons interact with the ambient plasma triggering radio emissions at the plasma frequency (the fundamental emission) or at its second harmonic (the harmonic emission). As the electron beams propagate outward from the Sun, radio emissions are generated at progressively lower frequencies […]

### On the Source Position and Duration of a Solar Type III Radio Burst Observed by LOFAR by P. Zhang et al.*

2020-01-21

Type III radio bursts are generated by non-thermal electron beams propagating through the solar corona and interplanetary space. In dynamic spectra, the flux of solar type III radio bursts have a time profile of rising and decay phases at a given frequency, which has been actively studied since the 1970s. There are several factors that may contribute to the observed duration of a type III radio burst: 1) The velocity […]

### First observation of the solar Type III burst decay and its interpretation by V. Melnik et al*

2020-01-07

Wild (1950) was the first to register and describe Type III bursts properties. These bursts are tracks of radio emission, which drift from high frequencies to low frequencies. Profiles of Type III bursts have a quick rise and slower fall. Wild supposed that electrons with high velocities, up to 0.3c (c is the speed of light), were responsible for Type III bursts based on their high frequency drift rates. Ginzburg […]

### First imaging spectroscopy observations of puzzling solar drift pair bursts by A. Kuznetsov and E. Kontar

2019-12-17

Drift pairs are a rare and puzzling type of solar radio emission, firstly identified by Roberts (1958). They occur at low frequencies (~10-100 MHz) and look like two parallel frequency-drifting narrow-band stripes separated in time. The drift rates (typically ~2-8 MHz/s) are intermediate between those of type II and type III bursts; both positive and negative frequency drifts are observed. The most enigmatic characteristic of drift pair bursts is that […]

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