The effect of scattering on the apparent positions of solar radio sources observed by LOFAR
by Mykola Gordovskyy

2019-05-21 314 views

Radio sources observed in the decametric range during type II and type III solar radio bursts are believed to be produced by coherent plasma emission due to electrostatic plasma oscillations induced by propagating suprathermal electrons (e.g. Ginzburg & Zhelezniakov 1958). This type of emission is a valuable tool for observational diagnostics of the upper corona. Produced at the local plasma frequency, $f_{pe}\rm{[kHz]}= 8.93 (n_e\rm{[cm}^{-3}\rm{]})^{-1/2}$ or its harmonic, plasma emission can reveal […]

Coronal Mass Ejection-driven Type II solar radio burst structure with LOFAR and radio-wave scattering
by Nicolina Chrysaphi et al.*

2019-01-29 518 views

Coronal Mass Ejections (CMEs) are often viewed as the major drivers of space weather disturbances in the Sun-Earth system. Shocks driven by CMEs can excite radio emissions characterised by a slow frequency drift across dynamic spectra. These radio emissions are known as Type II solar radio bursts and can consist of two bands with a frequency ratio of 1:2. Each of these bands can split into two thinner sub-bands, a […]

Coronal mass ejections associated to a super-active region
by H. Cremades et al.*

2018-12-18 548 views

During its transit through central meridian, and along four consecutive days, from 13 to 16 February 2011, NOAA active region (AR) 11158 generated coronal mass ejections (CMEs) in association with waves observed in the extreme ultraviolet (EUV) low corona, and even with a Moreton wave. On those dates, the spacecraft of the STEREO mission were located in quadrature with SOHO and SDO, enabling the exceptional observation of this series of […]

Shock location and CME 3-D reconstruction of a solar type II radio burst with LOFAR
by P. Zucca et al.*

2018-10-30 333 views

Type II radio bursts are the result of shocks in the solar atmosphere and they can be observed ranging from sub-metric to kilometric wavelengths (~400 MHz to ~0.4 MHz). Coronal mass ejections initiate most of the metric type II (m-type II) bursts. The region of a CME responsible for driving the shock might be different for each event and has not yet been comprehensively identified. Multiple scenarios have been suggested, […]

Topical issue “Solar radio physics from the chromosphere to near Earth” published
by E.P Kontar and A. Nindos

2018-06-26 548 views

The 2016 CESRA workshop ( had a special emphasis on the complementarity of current and future space-based observations with ground-based radio observations. It was the place to discuss the new exciting science opportunities that arise from radio instruments such as the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA), the Expanded Owens Valley Solar Array (EOVSA), the Expanded Very Large Array (EVLA), the Low Frequency array (LOFAR), the Mingantu Spectral Radioheliograph (MUSER), and […]

New evidence for a coronal mass ejection driven fast drifting type II radio burst
by K. Anshu et al.

2018-04-03 617 views

Type II solar radio bursts are considered to originate from plasma waves excited by magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) shocks and converted into radio waves at the local plasma frequency and its harmonics. Type II radio bursts are mostly associated with coronal mass ejections (CMEs) and flares Nindos et al. (2008). We studied a seldom occurring high frequency type II burst on 4th Novemeber 2015, which had both fundamental and harmonic components. The […]

Source regions of the type II radio burst observed during a CME–CME interaction on 2013 May 22
by P. Mäkelä et al.*

2016-12-06 3,046 views

Occasionally the Sun ejects a pair of magnetized plasma clouds, called coronal mass ejections (CMEs), roughly into the same propagation direction in closely timed sequence. If the second CME is faster than the first one, the CMEs could either just slip through each other or they could collide and interact, when the following CME catches up the preceding one. The possibility of the CME-CME interaction was first suggested by Gopalswamy […]

Fragmented radio emission reveals a shock passing through solar active region loops
by Silja Pohjolainen, Jens Pomoell and Rami Vainio

2008-09-02 537 views

Shocks and type II bursts Radio type II bursts are observed in association with flares and coronal mass ejections (CMEs). Metric type II bursts can be observed in dynamic radio spectra as slowly drifting emission lanes, with drift rates approximately 0.1 — 1.0 MHz/s. The start frequency of metric type II bursts is usually at about 100 — 200 MHz. The mechanism behind the bursts is generally assumed to be […]

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