Solar Physics with the Square Kilometre Array
by A. Nindos et al.*

2019-08-13 304 views

Although solar physics is one of the most mature branches of astrophysics, the Sun confronts us with a large number of outstanding problems that are fundamental in nature.  These problems include the determination of the structure and dynamics of the solar atmosphere, the magnetic field evolution in the chromosphere and corona, coronal heating, the physics of impulsive energy release, energetic particle acceleration and transport, the physics of coronal mass ejections […]

High‐Frequency Communications Response to Solar Activity in September 2017 as Observed by Amateur Radio Networks
by Nathaniel A. Frissell

2019-05-07 266 views

Long before satellite communications, high frequency (HF, 3–30 MHz) radio was the primary method for long distance, over-the-horizon wireless communications. HF signals are able to travel long distances by refracting off of the ionosphere in what is known as “skip” or “skywave” propagation. Aside from a transmitter and receiver, no additional technological infrastructure is needed. Because of this, even in the modern age of space‐borne relays and widely distributed Internet availability, […]

Alternative zebra-structure models in solar radio emission
by Chernov G.P.

2018-10-02 238 views

There is ongoing discussion in the literature about the nature of zebra-structure (ZS) in type IV radio bursts (Chernov, 2011).  We showed the possibility of a model with whistler waves to explain many thin components of ZS stripes, taking into account the effects of scattering of the whistlers on fast particles. Here, we show some complex examples of observations of ZS bursts in different wave ranges, which are difficult to […]

Traveling Ionospheric Disturbances as Huge Natural Lenses: Solar Radio Emission Focusing Effect
by A. Koval et al*

2017-08-29 4,351 views

The solar radio emission in meter-decameter wavelengths demonstrates a plentiful variety of solar radio bursts of different types (with branching to sub-types) as well as events not belonging to any specific type (Melnik et al. 2005). The last group includes variable solar emissions that result from radiation processes affected by propagation effects in the terrestrial ionosphere. Particularly, low-frequency solar radiation passing through the ionosphere could be subject to different influences […]

Wavelet-based characterization of small-scale solar emission features at low radio frequencies
by A. Suresh et al.*

2017-08-15 642 views

The improved sensitivity provided by new-generation radio arrays has unveiled an enormous diversity of previously under-appreciated solar radio bursts. Observations in the 100-240 MHz band using the Murchison Widefield Array (MWA) have highlighted the presence of a myriad of weak, short-lived, narrow-band solar emission features (Fig. 1), even during calm solar periods. Their appearance in the MWA solar dynamic spectrum (DS) comes closest to miniature versions of type-III bursts with […]

Oscillation of solar radio emission at coronal acoustic cut-off frequency
by T. Zaqarashvili et al.

2017-07-25 499 views

Recent SECCHI COR2 observations on board the STEREO-A spacecraft have detected density structures at a distance of 2.5-15 R$_{\odot}$ propagating with periodicity of about 90 minutes (Viall and Vourlidas 2015). The authors suggested that the density structures probably formed in the lower corona. We analyzed radio emission at the frequencies of 8–32 MHz, which correspond to a distance of about 1.5–2.5 R$_{\odot}$ according to the Baumbach-Allen model of coronal electron […]

The 30 cm solar radio flux: a new proxy for upper atmosphere specification
by Thierry Dudok de Wit and Sean Bruinsma

2017-06-27 1,269 views

The 10.7 cm solar radio flux is a widely (if not the most widely) used proxy for solar activity. However, other centimetric wavelengths have also been monitored, some routinely and for several decades. Such observations provide unique records of long-term solar variability. We find that the radio flux at 30 cm receives relatively stronger contributions from Bremsstrahlung vs gyro-resonance emissions (as compared to the 10.7 cm flux); as a consequence, […]

Comparison of alternative zebra-structure models in solar radio emission
by G.P. Chernov et al.*

2017-05-16 492 views

Discussion about the nature of zebra-structure (ZS) in type IV radio bursts continues, despite the ten proposed models. First of all, this is due to the wide variety of stripes in each new phenomenon, making the explanation of all the fine details by any one mechanism becomes impossible. The most widespread explanation is the emission at different levels of double plasma resonance (DPR), sequential on the height surfaces in the magnetic […]

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