Solar Physics with the Square Kilometre Array
by A. Nindos et al.*

2019-08-13 304 views

Although solar physics is one of the most mature branches of astrophysics, the Sun confronts us with a large number of outstanding problems that are fundamental in nature.  These problems include the determination of the structure and dynamics of the solar atmosphere, the magnetic field evolution in the chromosphere and corona, coronal heating, the physics of impulsive energy release, energetic particle acceleration and transport, the physics of coronal mass ejections […]

Non-radial propagation of energetic electrons in solar corona by A. Klassen et al.

2018-10-16 385 views

STEREO and near-Earth multi-spacecraft observations of solar energetic particle (SEP) events have revealed that some events show quite unexpected intensity distributions at 1 AU (Dresing et al. 2012, Lario et al. 2013). They can be much broader (circumsolar) (Gómez-Herrero et al. 2015), non-symmetric, and sometimes irregular showing so-called finger distribution (Klassen et al. 2016). It had been suggested that these non-symmetric and irregular distributions, among others, may result from non-radial […]

Size distributions of solar proton events and their asso-ciated soft X-ray flares based on the maximum likelihood estimator
by E.W. Cliver and E. D’Huys

2018-09-18 347 views

It has been known for some time that the size distributions of solar radio bursts and soft X-ray (SXR) flares have steeper power-law slopes (~1.8) than those (~1.2) of solar energetic proton (SEP) events. Hudson (1978) suggested three possibilities for this difference: (1) proton flares are fundamentally different from ordinary flares; (2) proton flares represent the large end of the total energy distribution of ordinary flares; and (3) proton flare […]

Synergy of stochastic and systematic energization of plasmas during turbulent reconnection
by Th. Pisokas, L. Vlahos and H. Isliker

2018-02-06 484 views

In the current literature the acceleration of particles during solar flares is attributed to either weak turbulence or to large scale Unstable Current Sheet (UCS). The way UCS drive weak turbulence in a separated volume on the loop top or inside the loops below the UCS was never been presented in detail. During the last thirty years the plasma physics community developed the concept of turbulent reconnection. This concept went unnoticed […]

Critical Fluctuations in Beam-Plasma Systems and Solar Type III Radio Bursts
by G. Thejappa and R. J. MacDowall

2017-12-05 598 views

The type III radio bursts are the most intense radio emissions from the sun. In Figure 1, we present a typical type III burst observed by the STEREO spacecraft. Ginzburg and Zheleznyakov (1958) were the first to suggest that Langmuir waves excited by the solar flare accelerated electrons are the source of these bursts. The in situ detection of electron beams and Langmuir waves in association with type III bursts […]

Small electron acceleration episodes in the solar corona
by T. James et al.

2017-11-07 723 views

Large solar flares are well known sites of prodigious particle acceleration. While these have deservedly attracted considerable attention, small episodes of electron acceleration and heating have been lately recognized as possible candidates for heating the quiet solar corona. We study the number, power and energy carried by nonthermal electrons produced by instances of small scale electron acceleration in the solar corona. Our primary focus is on small electron acceleration events […]

Predicting Flares and Solar Energetic Particle Events: The FORSPEF Tool
by A. Anastasiadis et al.*

2017-10-10 625 views

A novel operational open-access forecasting system that provides reliable forecasting and nowcasting of solar energetic particle (SEP) events, as well as forecasting of solar flares (SFs) based on precursor information, is presented. FORSPEF offers continuous forecasts and nowcasts of SFs and SEP events, up to 70◦ E/W covering practically the entire course of an active-region (AR) toward the limb (up to ~85◦). The prediction window in the forecasting scheme is […]

Exploring the potential of microwave diagnostics in SEP forecasting
by P. Zucca et al.*

2017-10-03 363 views

Solar energetic particles (SEPs), especially protons and heavy ions, may be a space-weather hazard when they impact spacecraft and the terrestrial atmosphere. Forecasting schemes have been developed, which use earlier signatures of particle acceleration to predict the arrival of solar protons and ions in the space environment of the Earth. The UMASEP (University of MAlaga Solar particle Event Predictor) scheme (Núñez 2011), forecasts the occurrence and the importance of an […]

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